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'Man's economy, as a rule, is submerged in his social relationships':
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1. 'Man's economy, as a rule, is submerged in his social relationships': this means that

(a) Society is fully submerged in economic relationships

(b) Society determines how the economy functions

(c) Social relationships are unimportant when studying man's economy

(d) Social relationships are not as important as economic relationships.


2. In the Trobriand Islands, Polanyi found that

(a) The economic system was run on noneconomic motives

(b) The economic system was run by Village Chiefs

(c) The economic system always had a 'key informant'

(d) The economic system was run on economic motives.


3. According to Polanyi, the principle of Reciprocity works mainly in regard to

(a) Family and Kinship and is facilitated by arrangements centered around gardening

(b) Family and Kinship and is facilitated by institutional arrangements of symmetry

(c) Trade and Exchange and is facilitated by institutional arrangements of barter

(d) Trade and Exchange and is facilitated by institutional arrangements of centricity


4. According to Polanyi, the principle of Redistribution is mainly effective in respect to

(a) All those who are actively hunting and gathering in common

(b) All those who are under a common chief of a given territory

(c) All those who seek to produce for gain from trade

(d) All those who are actively fishing and hunting in common


5. According to Polanyi, the principle of Production-for-Use is

(a) The essence of householding (along with some production for the market)

(b) The essence of all trading (along with some production for the market)

(c) The essence of all buying and selling ( with no surplus exchanged in markets)

(d) The essence of all magic and custom (along with some production for the market)



6. According to Polanyi, the Kula Trade

(a) Is an example of Long-Distance Trading in which profits are made from trading

(b) Is an example of Short-Distance Trading in which profits are made from trading

(c) Is an example of Long-Distance Trading facilitated by arrangements of Symmetry

(d) Is an example of Long-Distance Trading run on the principle of production for gain.


7. According to Polanyi, a Market is

(a) Demand and Supply Curves with an Equilibrium

(b) A meeting place for the purpose of barter or buying and selling

(c) The name for the institution that shapes all social activities

(d) The name for a place that lies at the origin of all economies.


8. Clastres writes that Ethnologists who classified all Amerindian Societies did so

(a) According to the degree of verbal power displayed by the Chiefs

(b) According to the degree of political power present in these societies

(c) According to the degree of culture present in these societies

(d) According to the degree of nature present in these societies.


9. Clastres' first chapter opens with a quotation from a philosopher in order to

(a) Highlight how primitive people engage in savage forms of behavior

(b) Highlight how the Copernican revolution helps explain cultural backwardness

(c) Highlight the importance of the wisdom of Socrates for the savage mind

(d) Highlight the importance of understanding perspectives other than one's own.


10. Clastres's argues that Anthropology needs a 'Copernican revolution' because

(a) Anthropology has got everything correct about Archaic Societies

(b) Anthropology has advanced along the lines of a Scientific Revolution

(c) Anthropology has to get out of the dead end in which it finds itself

(d) Anthropology has been transformed thanks to Copernicus.


11. The characteristics of the Chief in most Amerindian Societies are:

(a) Peacemaking, Generosity, Speaking, and Monogamy

(b) Polygamy, Speaking, Generosity, and Peacemaking

(c) Reciprocity, Redistribution, and Witchcraft

(d) Innovations, War-making, and Religion.


12. The speech of the Chief in Amerindian Societies discussed by Clastres

(a) Is always a patriarchal speech whose delivery is an obligation

(b) Is always an empty speech whose delivery is an obligation

(c) Is always a warlike speech whose delivery is an obligation

(d) Is always an inspiring speech whose delivery demands and attention.


13. The ritual of Torture in Archaic Societies, reveals as one of its secrets, that

(a) Pain is endured with great fear of the pain that will be inflicted on the body

(b) The strength to endure tremendous pain is really a desire to suffer

(c) Society will mark some bodies with horrific pain to show its power over them

(d) The laws of Society remain marked on bodies.


14. Clastres agrees that Archaic Societies are 'societies of the mark' because

(a) Everyone is marked by torture when they leave society

(b) Everyone is marked by torture as a sign of the power of Nature

(c) Everyone marked by torture becomes as good as and no better than anyone else

(d) Anyone marked by torture becomes superior in endurance to everyone else.


15. What may be learned from the role of the Amerindian Chief in times of War?

(a) A Chief in times of War conducts War because he is not interested in Peace

(b) A Chief in times of War is a Chief with power

(c) A Chief in times of War conducts Wars without End

(d) A Chief who leads in times of War does so without Society's consent.


16. Clastres observes the following from his narration of Fousiwe and Geronimo:

(a) Both lacked ambition and hence were abandoned by their tribes

(b) Both loved peace too much to be able to wage war with success

(c) Both lost all the wars they led their tribes into, and hence were abandoned

(d) Both were driven by an excessive will to war, and hence were abandoned.

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