What term is used by sociologists to describe socially constructed

categories based on biological traits a society defines as important? (Points : 5) Ethnicity Race Social group Reference group Erogenous group Question 2.2. (TCO 8) People define themselves—or others—as members of an ethnic category based on which three characteristics? (Points : 5) Food, music, and clothing Language, music, and ancestry Common country of origin, language, and religion Athos, Porthos, and Aramis Common ancestry, language, and religion Question 3.3. (TCO 6) In sociological terms, members of a minority are _____. (Points : 5) any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinates are outnumbered by the dominant group speak a different language than the dominant group are members of a different religious group than the dominant group vote less often than those in the majority group Question 4.4. (TCO 5) Scapegoat theory states that prejudice is created by (Points : 5) cultural beliefs. high levels of immigration. frustration among disadvantaged people. people with rigid personalities. somebody else, but not me. Question 5.5. (TCO 8) Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex? (Points : 5) Primary sex characteristics Sexual orientation Gender roles Secondary sex characteristics Gender norms Question 6.6. (TCO 8) What is the form of social organization in which females dominate males? (Points : 5) Patriarchy Matriarchy Monarchy Oligarchy Matrimony Question 7.7. (TCO 8) Talcott Parsons explained that males tend to exhibit _____ behavior, while females are more _____. (Points : 5) instrumental; expressive expressive; instrumental egalitarian; hierarchical rational; emotional emotional; rational Question 8.8. (TCO 8) Which type of feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender itself? (Points : 5) Liberal feminism Socialist feminism Radical feminism Moderate feminism Libertarian feminism Question 9.9. (TCO 7) Comparing school performance, researchers have found that the most important cause of the achievement gap between rich and poor children is (Points : 5) differences in schools. differences in home environments. differences in personal ability. differences in personal health. differences in family composition. Question 10.10. (TCO 3) Which sociological perspective would suggest that the family, is important enough to be called the backbone of society? (Points : 5) Structural-Functional perspective Conflict perspective Interactionist perspective Social-exchange perspective Feminist perspective Cardiologist Angie O’Plasty’s approach to healthcare emphasizes prevention of illness and takes into account a person’s entire physical and social environment. This approach is called (Points : 5) medicine. healthcare. scientific medicine. wholistic medicine. holistic medicine. Question 2.2. (TCO 7) The term empty nest refers to (Points : 5) families whose children have grown and left home. women who choose to remain single. women who marry, but choose to remain childless. egalitarian family structures. couples who are unable to have a child. Question 3.3. (TCO 7) _____ is Emile Durkheim’s term for that which is defined as extraordinary, inspiring a sense of awe and reverence, while _____ is the term that includes ordinary parts of everyday life. (Points : 5) Scared; profane Profane; sacred Faith; life. Pomp; circumstance Sacred; profane Question 4.4. (TCO 7) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of fundamentalism? (Points : 5) They believe that the sacred texts should be interpreted literally. They do not accept religious pluralism. They pursue the personal experience of God’s presence. Fundamentalists endorse secular humanism. Fundamentalists endorse conservative political agenda Question 5.5. (TCO 3) The problem of functional illiteracy means that (Points : 5) many young people leave school without having learned basic skills. many older people have forgotten the lessons they learned in school. a significant share of U.S. children never attend school. people have fewer problems than those who are nonfunctionally illiterate. many teachers in U.S. schools do not know how to teach. Question 6.6. (TCO 3) Following the social-conflict approach, patterns of health and illness are seen largely as a product of (Points : 5) technology. how people define the situation they experience. how culture defines health and illness. a mobile society social inequality. Question 7.7. (TCO 5) Capitalism is an economic system in which (Points : 5) there is private ownership of property. all property is communally owned, and no social distinctions are made on the basis of people’s ability to produce. the means of production and distribution are collectively owned. there is a private/public partnership in the production of goods and services. the rich are exploited by the poor. Question 8.8. (TCO 5) In a socialist economic system, justice amounts to (Points : 5) trying to meet the basic needs of all in a equal manner. doing whatever helps boost company earnings. freedom of the marketplace. allowing people to follow their self-interest. little more than lip service. Question 9.9. (TCO 5) As described by C. Wright Mills, the power elite model of the U.S. political system suggests that (Points : 5) a large group of religious leaders, public advocates, and community groups control the fate of the U.S. it is made up of all of the mayors, governors, senators, and representatives in the U.S. the group that stands at the top of the power structure in the U.S. is a secret cabal. power is concentrated in the hands of a few. a group of lobbyists and former officials in the U.S. that control the government behind the scenes. Question 10.10. (TCO 5) In Max Weber’s view, monarchy claims legitimacy based on (Points : 5) egalitarian authority. charismatic authority. traditional authority. rational-legal authority. ritualistic authority.

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