3-4 sentences each on weather you agree or disagree to the dicussions or what you think about it.
What is the economic picture for women in the United States? Do they earn the same as men? Are specific professions, like scientists or doctors considered to be gendered?
While the economic situation for working women has drastically improved the wages men and women make are still not equal. This is even apparent in high-status jobs such as working as a practicing physician, where women make $17,000 less per year than their male counterparts (Schaefer 2015). Even in situations where the wages paid to men and women are equal, occupational segregation tends to keep women out of certain jobs due to gender-typing of employment (Schaefer 2015). So even if a job is paying equal wages to men and women, a woman may not get hired or even consider the job an opportunity for herself because of occupational segregation. As with any type of discrimination, there is not one layer to peel back before equality is reached, there are many layers that exist both together and separately. Because of this, the gender-typing of certain jobs and wage gaps prevent women from achieving or having access to the same success that men do.
What is meant by the term “feminization of poverty?” Does this apply differently to women of colors?
Feminization of poverty is trend which characterizes poverty as a trait that many divorced or never-married mothers are apt to hold. Feminization of poverty states that even though poor women share many characteristics with poor men, there are higher rates of poverty among women due to sex discrimination and sexual harassment on the job (Schaefer 2015). As someone who grew up in a single-mother household I definitely feel like the theory of single mothers and divorced or never-married women to have higher rates of poverty are accurate due to the large amount of poor, single mothers I spent my childhood around. I do believe that this theory is applied differently for women of color. Since the types of discrimination and systems of oppression vary depending on race, gender, and class, I can imagine thefeminization of poverty for women of color is also influenced by their race and their ethnic background.
Schaefer (2015) explains gender roles as"society's expectations of the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females". Gender roles are normally first experienced in one's early childhood with athletic ability and toughness being viewed as masculine while physical appearance and academic successes viewed more importantly for girls. While boys are taught how to throw balls and play with trucks, girls are encouraged to play with dolls and cook. The origins of these roles have been studied on animals and do not point to instinctual gender differences like what we humans are used to (Schaefer 2015). In humans, Schaefer (2015) says that the work of women has been a consequence of the birthing process and that is where the mothering role came from as the men thus went out to hunt for food to feed the family. We can see this changing on a small scale as a few men are assuming the "stay at home" role that is usually taken on by mothers and women.
Schaefer (2015) explains the feminization of poverty as the "increasing proportion of the poor in the United States" as being female and many of which divorced or have never been married and are mothers. Poor women have the characteristics of having low levels of education, lacking in job skills and residing in deteriorating locations. To me, this just feeds the poverty cycle and makes it difficult to escape with the burden of supporting a family being so great without sufficient salaries and lack of child support. I would think this would be a greater problem with women of color since there is such a high rate of unwed mothers.
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