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Annotationpl.pngdiscuss the descriptive statistics used by the

authors. Discuss why the authors felt the need to discuss these particular descriptive statistics?  describe the population included in the research study. Was the population normally distributed? Why or why not?

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Table 1
Participant Demographics and Measures at Baseline (N = 239)
Control (n = 53)
Mindfulness (n = 96)
Yoga (n = 90)
Demographics
%
Gender
Male
1.15
18.9
22.9
26.7
Female
Ethnicity
81.1
77.1
73.3
Not Hispanic/Latino
2.86
90.6
96.9
Hispanic/Latino
92.2
9.4
3.1
7.8
Race
White
71.7
14.02
Black
85.4
74.4
3.8
Asian
13.2
4.2
10.0
5.2
7.8
Other
11.3
5.2
7.7
Annual household income
20-50 K
6.78
>50-100 K
13.2
7.3
39.6
3.3
>100-150 K
33.3
30.2
35.6
34.4
>150 K
33.3
17.0
Education
25.
27.8
High school
10.08
7.5
Beyond high school, no college degree
3.1
34.0
2.2
21.9
20.0
College degree
47.2
53.1
Graduate/professional
50.0
11.3
21.9
Employment status
27.8
Part time
1.35
Full time
5.7
94.3
2.1
979
3.3
967
Marital status
Never married
9.22
11.3
13.5
18.9
Married/living as married
65.0
66.7
Separated or divorced
70.0
22.7
Widowed
18.7
11.1
0.0
1.0
Measures
M (SD)
M (SD)
M (SD)
F
Age
42.7 (9.7)
PSS
44.3 (9.4)
23.6 (3.7)
41.6 (10.1)
24.9 (4.0)
1.83
PSQI
24.7 (3.5)
02
2.12
7.6 (3.3)
.02
CAMS-R
8.0 (3.4)
7.7 (3.3)
.004
CES-D
29.8 (5.2)
.44
18.2 (9.2 )
29.9 (5.9)
19.8 ( 9.5)
29.7 (5.7)
.01
5.7 (4.6)
18.4 (8.6)
.000
.74
WLQ productivity loss
.01
Current pain
1.5 (1.8)
5.5 (4.3)
1.8 (2.2)
4.9 (3.6)
2.2 (2.4)
.69
.01
1.83
Average pain
2.2 (2.1)
2.5 (2.2)
.02
Worst pain
3.6 (3.3)
4.1 (3.0)
2.6 (2.1)
.67
.01
Systolic BP
118.0 (18.5)
114.8 (14.5)
4.5 (3.0)
1.56
.01
Diastolic BP
75.0 (11.6)
76.1 (9.4)
113.3 (12.7)
1.64
.01
Breathing rate
15.7 (2.8)
15.4 (3.5)
75.5 (9.7)
15.9 (3.7 )
.21
.002
HRV coherence ratio
-.27 (.49)
.39
.003
-.32 (.49)
RR interval
842.0 (146.5)
835.4 (172.7)
-.29 (.50)
856.3 (132.6)
.17
45
.001
004
Note. There were no significant baseline differences between groups in participant demographics or measures at p < .05.

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