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how hot is the air in the top of a hot air balloon? Information

from Ballooning: The Complete Guide to Riding the Winds, by Wirth and Young (Random House), claims that the air in the crown should be an average of 100°C for a balloon to be in a state of equilibrium. However, the temperature does not need to be exactly 100°C. What is a reasonable and safe range of temperatures? This range may vary with the size and (decorative) shape of the balloon. All balloons have a temperature gauge in the crown. Suppose that 57 readings (for a balloon in equilibrium) gave a mean temperature of x = 97°C. For this balloon, σ ≈ 14°C.

a 95% confidence interval for the average temperature at which this balloon will be in a steady-state equilibrium.

round answers to one decimal place ...

lower limit     

 upper limit 

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