4. (Classification 10 pt)) Suppose you are working in a binary classification
problem so C " t0, 1u say (think of 0 is spam and 1 as not-spam). Now suppose instead of the 0 ´ 1 loss function your loss function is: 3 lpφpxq, yq " $ '& '% 100 if φpxq " 0, y " 1 1 if φpxq " 1, y " 0. For any classification rule φ let Rpφq " EplpφpXq, Y qq denote the risk of the classifier i.e. the average loss made by the classifier on a new "typical" data point pX, Y q. By repeating the calculations we did in class when proving the optimality of the Bayes classifier for 0-1 loss, find the optimal classifier for the above loss function (i.e. find an expression in terms of the conditional probability mass function of Y given X " x).
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