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[email protected](#) SPSS DATA FILE MS Windows Release 13.0 spssio32.dll #########################[email protected] Apr 1021:

Problem 1: Operationalizing variables can be a challenge. One measure of a country’s human rights record is a measure known as the Political Terror Scale. This variable was developed by Mark Gibney at UNC-Asheville, and is coded for individual states according to the following criteria:
Countries receive a score of 1 if people are not imprisoned for their views, and torture and political murder are extremely rare.
Countries receive a score of 2 if there is some political imprisonment for nonviolent political activity, and torture and political murder are rare.
Countries receive a score of 3 if there is extensive political imprisonment, and torture and political murder are common.
Countries receive a score of 4 if Level 3 practices are extended to larger numbers of the population.
Countries receive a score of 5 if Level 3 practices are extended to the whole population.
To obtain these data, scholars used both Amnesty International Country Reports as well as Annual Reports from the US State Department. An astute observer might suggest that the use of State Department data may not be very reliable, because the US underreports abuses in countries it likes and overreports them in countries it does not. Is this the case? Using the human rights data for Assignment 4 (global_pts_comparison.sav), generate a correlation coefficient between the two measures (pts05am and pts05us). Using these findings, what can we preliminarily say about whether the State Department data is biased?
[email protected](#) SPSS DATA FILE MS Windows Release 13.0 spssio32.dll ################±#########[email protected] Apr 1021:31:26 #######&############&###&##COUNTRY ####ÿÿÿÿ#########&###&## ####ÿÿÿÿ#########&###&## ####ÿÿÿÿ#########&###&## ####ÿÿÿÿ#########&###&## ########################PTS05AM -###pts from 2005 - amnesty international reports ########################PTS05US (###pts from 2005 - state department reports################ ###########Ð###################################ÿÿÿÿÿÿïÿÿÿÿÿÿÿï±þÿÿÿÿÿïÿ######### ### #######&##########################################/###COUNTRY=country PTS05AM=pts05am PTS05US=pts05usç#######ýýþþþiiýAfghanistan Albania þþþþfgýþAlgeria þþþhhýþþAngola þþghýýþþArgentina þffýþþþþArmenia efýýþþþeAustralia fýþþþþfeAustria ýýþþþggýAzerbaijan Bahamas þþþþfeýþBahrain þþþfeýýþBangladesh þþhhýþþþBelarus þgfýþþþþBelgium feýþþþþfBelize gýþþþþfgBolivia ýýýþþffýBosnia Herzegovenia Brazil þþþþhhýþBulgariaþþþfgýþþBurundi þþhiýþþþCambodiaþggýþþþþCameroonghýþþþþeCanada eýýýþþghCentral African RepublicýþþþþfhýChad Chile þþþþeeýþChina þþþhhýþþColombiaþþihýýýþCongo Brazzaville þfgýýþþþCongo Kinshasa ihýýþþþhCote d'Ivoire hýþþþþffCroatia ýþþþþfgýCuba Cyprus þþþþgfýýCzech Republic þþþffýýýDominican Republic þþggýþþþEcuador þggýþþþþEgypt ghýýþþþfEl Salvador gýýýþþggEquatorial Guinea ýþþþþggýEritrea Estonia þþþþfeýþEthiopiaþþþhhýþþFiji þþefýþþþFinland þeeýþþþþFrance ffýþþþþgGeorgia gýþþþþfeGermany ýþþþþegýGhana Greece þþþþffýýGuatemala þþþghýþþGuinea þþfgýýþþGuinea-Bissau þfgýþþþþGuyana gfýþþþþhHaiti hýþþþþggHondurasýþþþþffýHungary India þþþþghýýIndonesia þþþghýþþIran þþghýþþþIraq þiiýþþþþIreland eeýþþþþhIsrael hýþþþþffItaly ýþþþþggýJamaica Japan þþþþeeýþJordan þþþgfýýþKazakhstan þþfgýþþþKenya þghýýýýýKorea, Democratic People's Republic of hhýýýþþfKorea, Republic of eýþþþþffKuwait ýýþþþfgýKyrgyzstan Laos þþþþggýþLatvia þþþffýþþLebanon þþggýþþþLiberia þggýþþþþLibya ggýýþþþeLithuania eýýþþþffMacedonia ýþþþþggýMalawi MalaysiaþþþþgfýþMaldivesþþþffýþþMalta þþfeýýþþMauritania þggýþþþþMexico ggýþþþþgMoldova fýþþþþgfMongoliaýþþþþggýMorocco Mozambiqýþþþggýýue Myanmar (Burma) þþþhhýþþNamibia þþffýþþþNepal þiiýýþþþNetherlands eeýýþþþfNicaragua gýþþþþffNiger ýþþþþhhýNigeria Oman þþþþfeýþPakistanþþþhhýýþPapua New GuineaþþggýþþþParaguayþfgýþþþþPeru gfýýþþþhPhilippines hýþþþþefPoland ýþþþþffýPortugalQatar þþþþfeýþRomania þþþfgýþþRussia þþhhýþþþRwanda þfgýýþþþSaudi Arabia ggýþþþþfSenegal fýýþþþfgSierra Leone ýýþþþffýSingapore SlovakiaþþþþeeýþSloveniaþþþeeýýþSolomon Islands þþefýþþþSomalia þhhýýþþþSouth Africa ggýþþþþfSpain fýýþþþihSri Lanka ýþþþþiiýSudan Swazilanýþþþgfýþd Sweden þþþeeýýþSwitzerland þþfeýþþþSyria þggýýþþþTajikistan ggýþþþþgTanzaniagýþþþþhhThailandýþþþþihýTogo Trinidadýýþþggýþ and Tobago Tunisia þþþgfýþþTurkey þþghýýþþTurkmenistan þggýþþþþUganda hiýþþþþgUkraine fýýýþþffUnited Arab Emirates ýýþþþfgýUnited Kingdom Uruguay þþþþeeýýUzbekistan þþþhhýýþVenezuela þþggýþþþVietnam þggýþþþþYemen hhýýþþþgYugoslavia post fýþþþþggZambia ýþþþþhhüZimbabwe
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