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# Alexa Sardina 4/20/2010 Assignment 8 Q1. See attached for output. Q2. Table 1: Descriptive Statistics N=3023 Dependent Variable N % 704 828 957 23.3

Concerning output in STATA and using a multinomial model, how do you interpret the discrete changes and the odds ratios?

If you look at the attached assignment I have problems with interpreting Figures 2 and 4. Also if anyone knows how would choose between an ordinal or a multinomial model that would help as well (I need to explain why I make a certain choice).

Thank you! Alexa
Alexa Sardina 4/20/2010 Assignment 8 Q1. See attached for output. Q2. Table 1: Descriptive Statistics N=3023 Dependent Variable N % Description Gov't Helping Poor R’s response: Should the government help the poor? Strongly Agree 704 23.3 1=Strongly Agree 2=Agree 3=Disagree 4=Strongly Disagree Agree 828 27.4 Disagree 957 31.7 Strongly Disagree 534 17.7 Total 3023 100.0 Independent Variables Mean S.D. Min Max Description Education 13.8 2.7 2 20 Respondent's education in years Race 0.81 0.39 0 1 Respondent's race nonwhite=1; other=0 Income 27.4 21.8 0.5 110 Respondent's income in thousands of dollars City Size 0.45 0.50 0 1 Respondent lives in suburb=1; other=0 Q3. listcoef, help mlogit (N=3023): Factor Change in the Odds of helppoor Variable: respinc (sd=21.769667) Odds comparing | Alternative 1 | to Alternative 2 | b z P>|z| e^b e^bStdX ------------------+--------------------------------------------- 1_Strong-2_Agree | -0.00684 -2.137 0.033 0.9932 0.8616 1_Strong-4_Strong | -0.02428 -7.287 0.000 0.9760 0.5894 1_Strong-3_Disagr | -0.02255 -7.373 0.000 0.9777 0.6120 2_Agree -1_Strong | 0.00684 2.137 0.033 1.0069 1.1607 2_Agree -4_Strong | -0.01744 -6.099 0.000 0.9827 0.6841 2_Agree -3_Disagr | -0.01571 -6.326 0.000 0.9844 0.7104 4_Strong-1_Strong | 0.02428 7.287 0.000 1.0246 1.6967 4_Strong-2_Agree | 0.01744 6.099 0.000 1.0176 1.4618 4_Strong-3_Disagr | 0.00173 0.687 0.492 1.0017 1.0384 3_Disagr-1_Strong | 0.02255 7.373 0.000 1.0228 1.6339 3_Disagr-2_Agree | 0.01571 6.326 0.000 1.0158 1.4077 3_Disagr-4_Strong | -0.00173 -0.687 0.492 0.9983 0.9630 ----------------------------------------------------------------
Variable: educ (sd=2.7001517) Odds comparing | Alternative 1 | to Alternative 2 | b z P>|z| e^b e^bStdX ------------------+--------------------------------------------- 1_Strong-2_Agree | -0.14520 -6.597 0.000 0.8648 0.6757 1_Strong-4_Strong | -0.02300 -0.946 0.344 0.9773 0.9398 1_Strong-3_Disagr | -0.15119 -6.840 0.000 0.8597 0.6648 2_Agree -1_Strong | 0.14520 6.597 0.000 1.1563 1.4800 2_Agree -4_Strong | 0.12220 5.276 0.000 1.1300 1.3909 2_Agree -3_Disagr | -0.00599 -0.301 0.763 0.9940 0.9840 4_Strong-1_Strong | 0.02300 0.946 0.344 1.0233 1.0641 4_Strong-2_Agree | -0.12220 -5.276 0.000 0.8850 0.7189 4_Strong-3_Disagr | -0.12819 -5.726 0.000 0.8797 0.7074 3_Disagr-1_Strong | 0.15119 6.840 0.000 1.1632 1.5042 3_Disagr-2_Agree | 0.00599 0.301 0.763 1.0060 1.0163 3_Disagr-4_Strong | 0.12819 5.726 0.000 1.1368 1.4136 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Variable: nonwhite (sd=.38775538) Odds comparing | Alternative 1 | to Alternative 2 | b z P>|z| e^b e^bStdX ------------------+--------------------------------------------- 1_Strong-2_Agree | 0.64449 5.397 0.000 1.9050 1.2839 1_Strong-4_Strong | 1.35962 8.517 0.000 3.8947 1.6942 1_Strong-3_Disagr | 1.75576 11.633 0.000 5.7878 1.9755 2_Agree -1_Strong | -0.64449 -5.397 0.000 0.5249 0.7789 2_Agree -4_Strong | 0.71514 4.404 0.000 2.0445 1.3196 2_Agree -3_Disagr | 1.11127 7.311 0.000 3.0382 1.5386 4_Strong-1_Strong | -1.35962 -8.517 0.000 0.2568 0.5903 4_Strong-2_Agree | -0.71514 -4.404 0.000 0.4891 0.7578 4_Strong-3_Disagr | 0.39614 2.140 0.032 1.4861 1.1660 3_Disagr-1_Strong | -1.75576 -11.633 0.000 0.1728 0.5062 3_Disagr-2_Agree | -1.11127 -7.311 0.000 0.3291 0.6499 3_Disagr-4_Strong | -0.39614 -2.140 0.032 0.6729 0.8576 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Variable: suburb (sd=.4980989) Odds comparing | Alternative 1 | to Alternative 2 | b z P>|z| e^b e^bStdX ------------------+--------------------------------------------- 1_Strong-2_Agree | 0.07526 0.700 0.484 1.0782 1.0382 1_Strong-4_Strong | 0.19014 1.566 0.117 1.2094 1.0993 1_Strong-3_Disagr | -0.05039 -0.467 0.641 0.9509 0.9752 2_Agree -1_Strong | -0.07526 -0.700 0.484 0.9275 0.9632 2_Agree -4_Strong | 0.11489 1.002 0.316 1.1217 1.0589 2_Agree -3_Disagr | -0.12565 -1.281 0.200 0.8819 0.9393 4_Strong-1_Strong | -0.19014 -1.566 0.117 0.8268 0.9096 4_Strong-2_Agree | -0.11489 -1.002 0.316 0.8915 0.9444 4_Strong-3_Disagr | -0.24053 -2.175 0.030 0.7862 0.8871 3_Disagr-1_Strong | 0.05039 0.467 0.641 1.0517 1.0254 3_Disagr-2_Agree | 0.12565 1.281 0.200 1.1339 1.0646 3_Disagr-4_Strong | 0.24053 2.175 0.030 1.2719 1.1273 ---------------------------------------------------------------- b = raw coefficient z = z-score for test of b=0 P>|z| = p-value for z-test
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