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In a naturalistic study all of the following are true except: A controlled study is used. The primary research instrument is the researcher.

1: In a naturalistic study all of the following are true except:
A: A controlled study is used.
B: The primary research instrument is the researcher.
C: Theory should be grounded before it is applied.
D: Tacit knowledge is treated different than prepositional knowledge.
E: B and D
F: All of A, B, C, and D are true
2: The purpose of a feasibility study of the business is:
A: to perfect the good or service to be offered
B: to compile a list of potential investors
C: to identify potential barriers to success
D: to demonstrate compliance with applicable laws and regulations
3: The type of economic system in which goods in one country are exchanged directly for goods of another country is:
A: exporting
B: capitalism
C: barter
D: socialism
4: Organizational structure is made up of key elements.  Which of the following is not one of these elements?
A: Centralization
B: Departmentalization
C: Coordination
D: Formalization
5: Which one of the following is the best synonym for "ability"?
A: Motivation
B: Capacity
C: Experience
D: Intellect
6: Which of  the following should be considered when designing a survey:
A: The variables in the study
B: The nature of the study
C: The population
D: The wording of the survey
E: A and D
F: A, B, C, and D
7: Assume a new law is passed that restricts investors to holding only one asset.  A risk-averse investor is considering two possible assets as the asset to be held in isolation.  The assets' possible returns and related probabilities (i.e., the probability distributions) are as follows:
Asset X              Asset Y
P      k             P      k
0.10  -3%           0.05    -3%
0.10   2            0.10     2
0.25   5            0.30     5
0.25   8            0.30     8
0.30  10            0.25    10
Which asset should be preferred, and why?
A: Asset X, because its expected return is higher
B: Asset Y, because its beta is probably lower
C: Either one, because the expected returns are the same
D: Asset X, because its standard deviation is lower
E: Asset Y, because its coefficient of variation is lower and its expected return is higher
8: The research term "hermeneutics" is best described as:
A: The art and craft of interpretation that concerns itself with secret and hidden meanings
B: A movement that suggests multiple interventions of events and that all knowledge is subjective
C: A philosophical view of seeking to understand what reality is or what reality consists of
D: A philosophical movement founded by Edmund Husset based on the relationship between a subject and the object(s) in his/her world
E: A research method that aims to assess the meaning of events and to interpret what might otherwise be considered merely as the happenstance of blind fate
9: Which of the following statements is most correct?
A: The primary test of feasibility in a reorganization is whether every claimant agrees with the reorganization plan
B: The basic doctrine of fairness states that all debt holders must be treated equally (recover identical percentages of the debt owed them)
C: Because the primary issue in bankruptcy is to determine the sharing of losses between owners and creditors, the "public interest" is not a relevant concern
D: While the firm is in bankruptcy, the existing management is always allowed to remain in control, although the court monitors its activities closely
E: To a large extent, the decision to dissolve a firm through liquidation or keep it alive through reorganization depends on the estimated value of the form if rehabilitated compared to the estimated value of its assets if they are sold off individually
10: The research term "covariant analysis" is best described as:
A: Subjects appears to make progress just because they are subjects
B: A method in which a sample of convenience is used and then treated to determine if there is any significant differences pre and post treatment
C: Differences in independent variables relevant to a study are controlled
D: A method that rigorously explores the efficacy of a program, treatment or product
11: Observing the physical surroundings, characterizing the style of the people and observing the degree of formalization of rules and regulations are all ways to:
A: get a job at an organization
B: change the culture of an organization
C: "read" the culture of an organization
D: reduce barriers to change
12: The best designed marketing plans:
A: are based on facts and valid assumptions
B: are simple and short
C: are flexible
D: all of the above
13: What was the first model that attempted to measure the strength of one's expectations and predict motivation?
A: Expectancy theory
B: Equity theory
C: Goal Setting theory
D: ERG theory
14: If a new venture is a retail store, an additional section of the business plan is required that is called the:
A: Organizational Plan
B: Merchandising Plan
C: Production Plan
D: Executive Summary
15: HHH Hotels' operating income (EBIT) is $40 million.  The company's times-interest-earned (TIE) ratio is 8.0, its tax rate is 40%, and its basic earning power (BEP) ratio is 10%.  What is the company's return on assets?
A: 6.45%
B: 5.97%
C: 4.33%
D: 8.56%
E: 5.25%
16: The research term "Ex Post Facto" is best described as:
A: A method used to depict systematically the facts and characteristics of a given population or area of interest
B: A form of descriptive research in which the investigator looks for relationships that may explain the phenomenon that have already taken place
C: A set of procedures used to test hypotheses or estimate the parameters of a population
D: A method used to study the effects of more than one independent variable on more than one dependent variable
17: There is a rumor in your organization that layoffs are inevitable.  Which of the following is least likely to reduce the negative consequences of rumors?
A: Explain decisions that may appear inconsistent or secretive
B: Emphasize the downside, as well as the upside, of current decision and future plans.
C: Ignore the rumor
D: Openly discuss worst case possibilities
18: Power is:
A: ability to persuade others
B: dependency upon others
C: equal to sexual harassment
D: being rewarded by others
19: A study of executives found that a vision consists of three components: formulation,
A: follow-through, and evaluation.
B: implementation, and innovative realism.
C: strategy making and collaboration.
D: commitment gaining, and transforming.
20: Work groups of employees and supervisors that meet regularly to discuss their quality problems and recommend solutions is a form of participative management called:
A: department teams
B: cooperative groups
C: evaluation teams
D: quality circles

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