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- On October 12, 1492, Columbus reached an island in the _____, which he called _____.
- On his second voyage, Columbus sailed with 1,200 Spanish men in _____ ships and captured _____ natives to bring back to Spain as slaves. Cite the applicable numbers.
- The _____ divided the Atlantic between which two nations (_____ and _____)?
- The 3 million _____ natives on Hispaniola were wiped out by Spanish diseases, while a new ethnicity called _____ was produced by the intermarriage of Spanish men and native women.
- Hernando Cortes' conquest of the Aztec city of _____ was carried out by _____ and firearms as well as a smallpox epidemic.
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As Europeans in the 1400s and 1500s came into contact with Africans and Native Americans, stereotypes of Native Americans and Africans heavily influenced European attitudes and actions. Indicate three distinct similarities between European views of Africans and European views of Native Americans around the time of European arrival in the Americas. Be sure to distinguish each similarity from the other two and to describe specifically how each similarity applies both to views Europeans had of Africans and to views Europeans had of Native Americans. Then, for each similarity, explain how it influenced actions taken by Europeans at the time period.
3 of 6
The quest to build empires led European countries toward exploration of the "New World" between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries. Explain how desire for imperialist growth fueled European interest in the Americas. In doing so, note three different reasons why Europeans believed in and desired imperialist growth. Then, discuss two distinct specific ways in which imperialist desires affected colonial life in the 1600s and 1700s in what is now the United States. In other words, explain how two distinct specific elements of people's everyday lives resulted from imperialist attitudes. For each element of people's everyday lives you discuss, be specific in describing the example and be clear in explaining how the example demonstrates influence of imperialist attitudes.
4 of 6
In describing the legacy of the Great Awakening, the course text states that the Awakening "nurtured a subtle change in values that crossed over into politics and daily life. Ordinary people assumed new responsibilities in religious affairs and became 0skeptical of dogma and authority. Many ... decried the growing materialism and deplored the new acceptance of self-interested behavior. By learning to oppose authority and create new churches, thousands of colonists unknowingly rehearsed for revolution" (124-25). To address more specifically these subtle changes, first describe the Great Awakening. Explain what it was and what constituted its major features as a movement. Then, indicate three distinct specific ways in which developments in the colonial political system in the 1700s reflected elements of the Great Awakening. For each example, be specific in indicating the development in the colonial political system you are discussing and be clear in explaining how it reflected elements of the Great Awakening.
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Later in this course, the course text will note that in the mid-1800s "competing visions of two separate cultures for the future destiny of the United States were at stake" (409). Those two separate cultures consisted of the northern United States and the southern United States. As this course proceeds, you will see how differences between the two regions evolved, but those differences did not develop overnight. As early as the beginnings of the colonial era, the North and the South were already experiencing different kinds of life and building different kinds of societies. Indicate three distinct specific differences that existed between the northern colonies and the southern colonies during the colonial era of the 1600s and early to mid-1700s. For each difference be clear in specifically describing what was occurring in the North, what was occurring in the South, and how these differed. Also, for each difference indicate what ramifications the difference might have had. In other words, explain how each difference might have led to further distinctions in the future or might have had particular important political, economic, or cultural significance within relationships between the two regions.
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In its coverage of each stage in the development of the American colonies in the 1600s and 1700s, the course text has discussed the roles and experiences of women. Discuss two distinct ways in which women's roles and experiences in the American colonies changed between the mid-1600s and the mid-1700s and two distinct ways in which women's roles and experiences in the American colonies remained the same between the mid-1600s and the mid-1700s. For each role or experience that changed and each that remained the same, be clear and specific in describing how the role or experience either changed or remained the same by noting what it specifically entailed in the mid-1600s and what it specifically entailed in the mid-1700s.