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This weeks' reading was particularly an interesting one for me. I never realized how many events coincided with each other through this period. I think many Southern slave owners held onto slavery because it was the source of all their profits and power. With laws such as the Wilmot Manifesto, The Missouri Compromise and The Three-Fifths Compromise, slave owners had held political influence in the American Government with their smaller population but vast number of slaves that lives in the south (Corbett et al. 2015, 315-348). Southerners also argued that slaves had a better quality of life compared to Northern factory workers, whose "meager income was spent on inadequate food, clothing and shelter" (Corbett et al. 2015, 322) compared to southern slaves who "were provided with a home, the necessities of life, and the protection of their masters. (Corbett et al. 2015, 322). The irony was that slaves were still treated to harsh conditions, and once slaves became banned as an import, the domestic slave trade had been born and had ripped entire families apart for the white slave owners' profit (Corbett et al. 2015, 334).
An interesting twist I came upon from this weeks' reading was how slavery deterred westward expansion. The United States' war with Mexico would have resulted in a much larger gain of territory for the U.S. after General Winfield Scott had captured Mexico City on September 14, 1847 (Corbett et al. 2015, 316-317). With the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the United States had acquired a large amount of land, the war with Mexico was not easy, and much more territory could have been conquered had southerner's racism hadn't soured their minds for hatred to the mixed Mestizo's of the area, as well as those who practiced Roman Catholicism (Corbett et al. 2015, 317).
Corbett, P. Scott, Volker Janssen, John M. Lund, Todd J. Pfannestiel, and Paul S. Vickery. U.S. History. Houston, TX:
OpenStax, Rice University, 2015.
The reading is about the factors that contributed to the... View the full answer