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(MC) Question refers to the graph below. A graph titled Figure 2, Birth Rates, United States, 1909 to 60, Rates per 1,000 population.

(MC)

Question refers to the graph below.


A graph titled Figure 2, Birth Rates, United States, 1909 to 60, Rates per 1,000 population. The Y axis starts at 0, rising in increments of 6 to 6, 12, 18, 24, and then 30. The X axis starts at roughly 1910, rising by increments of 10 to 1920, 1930, 1940, 1950, and ending at 1960. The line starts at point on the Y axis indicated by 30 at 1909. The line drops through the 1920s and mid-1930s to roughly 18 then begins to rise, peaking at roughly 27 in 1947, then declining slightly in 1950. From 1950 to 1959 the line remains at or near 25, then at the very end of the decade it drops. The graph is based on births adjusted for under-registration between 1909 and 1959 and registered births in 1960. 

Source: National Center For Health Statistics


The birthrate between 1950 and 1960, based on the graph, remained relatively steady in part due to the (1 point)


continued perception of post-war prosperity

 

growing influence of the women's movement

 

lingering effects of the war in Korea

 

rising acceptance and occurrence of divorce

51.

(MC)

Question refers to the excerpt below.


"SEC. 101. (a) The Congress, recognizing the profound impact of man's activity on the interrelations of all components of the natural environment, particularly the profound influences of population growth, high-density urbanization, industrial expansion, resource exploitation, and new expanding technological advances and recognizing further the critical importance of restoring and maintaining environmental quality to the overall welfare and development of man, declares that it is the continuing policy of the Federal Government, in cooperation with State and local governments, and other concerned public and private organizations, to use all practicable means and measures, including financial and technical assistance, in a manner calculated to foster and promote the general welfare, to concoct nd maintain conditions under which man and nature can exist in productive harmony, and fulfill the social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations of Americans."—From Title I, Declaration of National Environmental Policy, 1969


Which of the following was a significant cause of the successful passage of legislation like that in the excerpt? (1 point)


Adjustments to federal spending that resulted in a budget surplus

 

Lingering effects of 1960s liberalism and popular support

 

Significant backlash against Great Society programs

 

High-profile meltdowns of several nuclear reactors

52.

(MC)

Question refers to the graph below.


A graph titled Figure 2, Birth Rates, United States, 1909 to 60, Rates per 1,000 population. The Y axis starts at 0, rising in increments of 6 to 6, 12, 18, 24, and then 30. The X axis starts at roughly 1910, rising by increments of 10 to 1920, 1930, 1940, 1950, and ending at 1960. The line starts at point on the Y axis indicated by 30 at 1909. The line drops through the 1920s and mid-1930s to roughly 18 then begins to rise, peaking at roughly 27 in 1947, then declining slightly in 1950. From 1950 to 1959 the line remains at or near 25, then at the very end of the decade it drops. The graph is based on births adjusted for under-registration between 1909 and 1959 and registered births in 1960. 

Source: National Center For Health Statistics


The trend in the graph in the last half of the decade between 1950 and 1960 reflects the growing influence of the (1 point)


better household management practices that economized limited funds

 

religious broadcasters who reinforced conformity and good behavior

 

sexual revolution and shifting perceptions of the role of women

 

television in defining the stereotypes of the traditional family

53.

(MC)

Question refers to the excerpt below.


"I have thought of something that is not part of my speech and I'm worried over whether I should do it.


Can we doubt that only a Divine Providence placed this land, this island of freedom, here as a refuge for all those people in the world who yearn to breathe freely: Jews and Christians enduring persecution behind the Iron Curtain, the boat people of Southeast Asia, of Cuba and Haiti, the victims of drought and famine in Africa, the freedom fighters of Afghanistan and our own countrymen held in savage captivity.


I'll confess that I've been a little afraid to suggest what I'm going to suggest—I'm more afraid not to—that we begin our crusade joined together in a moment of silent prayer. God bless America."—Ronald Reagan, from his speech at the Republican National Convention, July 17, 1980


Reagan's speech reflects the rise and growing influence of (1 point)


civil rights movements

 

political action committees

 

open immigration policies

 

religious organizations

54.

(MC)

Question refers to the graph below.


A bar chart entitled, Foreign Born Population and as Percent of Total Population. From left to right, the chart lists the population in millions of foreign born Americans starting in 1850, proceeding in increments of 10 years to 2010. The low point of the chart is 2.2 million in 1850. The high point is 40 million in 2010. Above the bar chart is a line indicating the percentage of total population at each point on the bar chart. In 1950, the population is indicated as 10.3 million, representing 6.9 percent of the total population. In 1960, the population is indicated as 9.7 million, representing 5.4 percent of the total population. In 1970, the population is indicated as 9.6 million, representing 4.7 percent of the total population. In 1980, the population is indicated as 14.1 million, representing 6.2 percent of the total population. In 1990, the population is indicated as 19.8 million, representing 7.9 percent of the total population. In 2000, the population is indicated as 31.1 million, representing 11.1 percent of the total population. In 2010, the population is indicated as 40.0 million, representing 12.9 percent of the total population.


The trend represented in the chart between 1950 and 1980 reflects which of the following? (1 point)


Effects of free trade agreements that outsourced American-based jobs

 

Exodus out of the South into industrial centers in the North

 

Legislation aimed specifically at Latin American immigrants

 

Passage of additional immigration quota legislation based on nationality

55.

(MC)

Question refers to the excerpt below.


"If we were to allow our enemies to prevail in Iraq, the violence that is now declining would accelerate, and Iraq would descend into chaos. Al Qaida would regain its lost sanctuaries and establish new ones, fomenting violence and terror that could spread beyond Iraq's borders, with serious consequences for the world's economy.


Out of such chaos in Iraq, the terrorist movement could emerge emboldened, with new recruits, new resources, and an even greater determination to dominate the region and harm America. An emboldened Al Qaida with access to Iraq's oil resources could pursue its ambitions to acquire weapons of mass destruction to attack America and other free nations."—George W. Bush, "Remarks on the War on Terror," March 19, 2008


President Bush's position on the need to remain in Iraq, as described in the excerpt, was based on (1 point)


an assumption that another entity would exploit the area

 

hostages taken and held in neighboring Iran

 

lack of progress in military efforts in Afghanistan

 

threats made to the nation of Israel

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