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please choose the right answer Question 1 2 pts People who become members of interest groups for material incentives are joining to improve their

please choose the right answer



Question 12 pts

People who become members of interest groups for material incentives are

joining

to improve their economic opportunities. for a sense of belonging to the group. for ethical beliefs or ideological reasons. to institute change for the whole society.

Flag this Question

Question 22 pts

Criticisms of pluralist theory include

few citizens belong to groups.

diverse people are equally likely to join groups interest group leaders have more extreme viewpoints.

both a and c.

Flag this Question

Question 32 pts

______ representation suggests that you should be represented by someone

who shares your demographic characteristics.

Substantive Descriptive Characteristic Virtual

Flag this Question

Question 42 pts

The two major political parties in the U.S. have been weakened by

the ability of candidates to run their own campaigns. the ability of candidates to raise their own funds. the winner take all system.

both a and b.

Flag this Question

Question 52 pts

Which of the following statements about third parties in the U.S. is false ?

They act as a safety valve for discontented groups. They are often a powerful force in Congress.

Their policy ideas may be adopted by major parties. Election laws makes it hard for them to win.

Flag this Question

Question 62 pts

Groups created by political parties to endorse candidates in nonpartisan

elections in California are called

official endorsement organizations. Nonpartisan endorsement commissions. Party official groups.

Surrogate parties.

Flag this Question

Question 72 pts

Concerning political parties, the U.S. Constitution

requires two major parties.

says there must be at least two parties. says nothing about political parties.

says parties are fine if you bring your own beer.

Flag this Question

Question 82 pts

During the 1960s _______ costs grew faster proportionally than any other cost

of campaigning.

media primary general travel

Flag this Question

Question 92 pts

The compromise in the U.S. Constitution that resulted in the U.S. having a bicameral legislature is

the Great or Connecticut Compromise. the Virginia Compromise.

the New Jersey Compromise.

the Bicameral Compromise.

Flag this Question

Question 102 pts

How does incumbency (being the candidate who already holds the elected

office) affect a candidate's chance of winning?

Incumbents have a record to criticize and are therefore at a disadvantage in elections.

Incumbency is an advantage in running for Congress but not for other offices. The incumbent candidate almost always has an advantage.

Incumbency has no effect on the outcome of elections.

Flag this Question

Question 112 pts

Permanent committees that continue from term to term are called ______

committees.

permanent select standing sitting

Flag this Question

Question 122 pts

The event that signaled the increasing importance of television and image in

politics was

the televised moon landing.

the media's concentration on civil rights protests. the Fireside Chats.

the Nixon / Kennedy debates.

Flag this Question

Question 132 pts

Today most media outlets are

each owned by one individual or family.

censored only by the government.

owned by just a few corporations.

independent with no ties to other business entities.

Flag this Question

Question 142 pts

Media corporations compete with each other less due to

government regulation.

cross-ownership. diagonal integration. all of the above.

Flag this Question

Question 152 pts

Those who saw the Nixon/Kennedy debates on TV mostly thought that _____

won.

Nixon.

Kennedy.

George Bush.

the third party candidate in the debates.

Flag this Question

Question 162 pts

Those who support the delegate model of representation believe that

representatives should follow their own conscience. citizens can be represented by any representative. minorities should be represented by minorities. representatives should vote as their voters would.

Flag this Question

Question 172 pts

A committee that holds a hearing to see if the executive branch is enforcing a

law as Congress intended is engaging in

legitimating behavior. legislative oversight. logrolling.

agenda setting.

Flag this Question

Question 182 pts

A congressional representative is following the trustee philosophy when he or

she

votes like they want, even if that's different from their constituents. votes like their constituents would.

takes instructions from party leaders on how to vote.

consults with the president before an important vote.

Flag this Question

Question 192 pts

All of the following make the Senate more prestigious than the House of

Representatives EXCEPT

some of the tasks of the Senate.

size of constituency.

the idea that the Senate cools the tea. the shorter terms in the Senate

Flag this Question

Question 202 pts

_____ refers to reallocating the number of seats that each state has in the

House of Representatives.

Reapportionment Redistricting Proportional allocation Selective representation

Flag this Question

Question 212 pts

In the Constitution there is more written about the _____ branch than any other.

legislative executive judicial bureaucratic

Flag this Question

Question 222 pts

The Bipartisan Campaign Finance or McCain-Feingold Act

created Political Action Committees.

removed money's constitutional protection.

banned soft money contributions to political parties. banned hard money contributions to candidates.

Flag this Question

Question 232 pts

According to the last couple of census counts population in the U.S. has

shifted from eastern states to western states. shifted from northern states to southern states. shifted from the southeast to the northwest. really not changed that much geographically

Flag this Question

Question 242 pts

______ and ______ have the first caucuses and primary elections.

owa, Vermont

New Hampshire, Vermont

Iowa, New Hampshire

New Hampshire, South Carolina

Flag this Question

Question 252 pts

Primary elections in which you must be a member of a political party to vote

for that party's candidates are called

blanket primaries. closed primaries. open primaries. party primaries.

Flag this Question

Question 262 pts

Grassroots lobbying is designed to influence policy by

convincing members of interest groups to contact political leaders by letters, telegrams, e-mail, faxes, and phone calls.

reminding legislators of the values and beliefs they held when they first entered politics.

persuading legislators of the critical importance of farm issues.

persuading legislators that a correct vote on a bill will produce campaign contributions.

Flag this Question

Question 272 pts

A "public interest group" is defined by

membership exceeding 10,000. liberal political goals.

benefiting everyone in society.

membership drawn from low socioeconomic levels.

Flag this Question

Question 282 pts

A distinguishing fact about the Democratic party is that it

is patterned after the British Labour Party.

is the oldest political party in existence anywhere. was founded to combat slavery.

is the youngest major party in the United States.

Flag this Question

Question 292 pts

One reason that we have a two-party system in the U.S. is

the winner take all election system.

getting on the ballot is easy for third parties. most Americans have extreme political views. the Constitution requires it.

Flag this Question

Question 302 pts

Campaigns used to be called ________ centered but now they are called

_______ centered.

party, media

party, candidate party boss, candidate people, corporate

Flag this Question

Question 312 pts

When states move the dates of their primary elections to earlier dates it is called

rescheduling. frontloading.

electoral advancement. electoral undercutting.

Flag this Question

Question 322 pts

When the electoral college votes

all states have the same number of votes.

the District of Columbia gets no votes.

the winner of the popular vote always wins the electoral college vote. states with larger populations get more votes.

Flag this Question

Question 332 pts

The important campaign finance law that was passed in the 1970s was the

Hatch Act.

Corrupt Practices Act.

Federal Elections Campaign Act and amendments. McCain-Feingold Act.

Flag this Question

Question 342 pts

In the Buckley v. Valeo case the Supreme Court ruled that

money is the same thing as speech.

Congress can pass any laws necessary to limit money in campaigns.

public funding of campaigns is unconstitutional.

public funding is only constitutional in congressional elections.

Flag this Question

Question 352 pts

_______ would probably resist any attempt to eliminate the electoral college.

Democrats

Minor or third parties Large states

Small states

Flag this Question

Question 362 pts

The House Rules Committee can make it hard for a bill to pass by

establishing a short time for debate. allowing a long time for debate. forbidding amendments to the bill. requiring a supermajority vote to pass it.

Flag this Question

Question 372 pts

The most powerful position in the House of Representatives is _______ and

_______ currently (as of 4/22/18) holds that position.

Majority Leader, Mitch McConnell Majority Leader, Paul Ryan

Speaker of the House, Paul Ryan. Speaker of the House, Mitch McConnell

Flag this Question

Question 382 pts

Politicians use ______ and _______ to counteract negative images created by

media.

media events, video news releases video news releases, running for office running for office, law suits

law suits, mud slinging

Flag this Question

Question 392 pts

Drawing congressional district boundaries in a way that makes sure that one

party of the other will win elections is called

redistricting.

over-representation. gerrymandering. selective redistricting.

Flag this Question

Question 402 pts

One way that the media can control which domestic or foreign policy problems

government will try to solve is

press conferences. video news releases. media events. agenda setting.

Flag this Question

Question 412 pts

the purpose of a vote of cloture in the U.S. Senate is to

stop a filibuster and pass a bill.

elect the majority leader.

send a bill over to the House of Representatives. close the door when it's cold out.

Flag this Question

Question 422 pts

The reason that the Supreme Court's ruling on the Bipartisan Campaign

Reform Act changed between 2003 and 2010 was that

Justice Kennedy changed his mind.

Justice Scalia died and was replaced by President Obama. Sandra Day O'Connor retired and was replaced by Samuel Alito. interest groups heavily lobbied the Supreme Court.

Flag this Question

Question 432 pts

The Supreme Court decision that struck down overall limits on hard money

contributions was

McConnell vs. FEC. McCutcheon vs. FEC. Buckley vs. Valeo. Horton vs. Grand.

Flag this Question

Question 442 pts

The money primary refers to the fact that

in November's general elections money is the primary thing a candidate needs.

money is only important in primary elections.

the candidate who raises the most money will probably win the primary elections. none of the above.

Flag this Question

Question 452 pts

The redistricting plan in California in the 2010s was

a racial gerrymander.

a partisan gerrymander. drawn by a citizen panel. drawn by a panel of judges.

Flag this Question

Question 462 pts

Probably the main reason that the founders established the electoral college for presidential elections was that

in 1789 most voters were uneducated and uninformed.

large states would be ignored without it.

because it allowed the people to choose the president.

because electors are required to vote for the candidate who won their state's popular vote.

Flag this Question

Question 472 pts

The role of Congress where members of the House of Representatives is

supposed to help those they represent is called

trustee representation. delegate representation. virtual representation.

casework.

Flag this Question

Question 482 pts

In the last few decades electoral dealignment (with a D) has led to

voters switching from the major parties to minor parties or no party.

more voters leaving the Democratic party for the Republican party.

more voters leaving the Republican party for the Democratic party.

the Democratic and Republican parties moving closer together ideologically.

Flag this Question

Question 492 pts

Minor parties are largely unsuccessful in U.S. elections because of

the electoral system.

difficult ballot access. historical foundations. All of the above.

Flag this Question

Question 502 pts

Which of the following is a good example of a professional interest group?

The Sierra Club.

The National Rifle Association.

The American Medical Association.

The Business Roundtable.

Question 12 pts

People who become members of interest groups for material incentives are joining

to improve their economic opportunities. for a sense of belonging to the group. for ethical beliefs or ideological reasons. to institute change for the whole society.

Flag this Question

Question 22 pts

Criticisms of pluralist theory include

few citizens belong to groups.

diverse people are equally likely to join groups interest group leaders have more extreme viewpoints. both a and c.

Flag this Question

Question 32 pts

______ representation suggests that you should be represented by someone

who shares your demographic characteristics.

Substantive Descriptive Characteristic Virtual

Flag this Question

Question 42 pts

The two major political parties in the U.S. have been weakened by

the ability of candidates to run their own campaigns. the ability of candidates to raise their own funds. the winner take all system.

both a and b.

Flag this Question

Question 52 pts

Which of the following statements about third parties in the U.S. is false ?

They act as a safety valve for discontented groups. They are often a powerful force in Congress.

Their policy ideas may be adopted by major parties. Election laws makes it hard for them to win.

Flag this Question

Question 62 pts

Groups created by political parties to endorse candidates in nonpartisan

elections in California are called

official endorsement organizations.

Nonpartisan endorsement commissions. Party official groups.

Surrogate parties.

Flag this Question

Question 72 pts

Concerning political parties, the U.S. Constitution

requires two major parties.

says there must be at least two parties.

says nothing about political parties.

says parties are fine if you bring your own beer.

Flag this Question

Question 82 pts

During the 1960s _______ costs grew faster proportionally than any other cost of campaigning.

media primary general travel

Flag this Question

Question 92 pts

The compromise in the U.S. Constitution that resulted in the U.S. having a

bicameral legislature is

the Great or Connecticut Compromise. the Virginia Compromise.

the New Jersey Compromise.

the Bicameral Compromise.

Flag this Question

Question 102 pts

How does incumbency (being the candidate who already holds the elected

office) affect a candidate's chance of winning?

Incumbents have a record to criticize and are therefore at a disadvantage in elections.

Incumbency is an advantage in running for Congress but not for other offices. The incumbent candidate almost always has an advantage.

Incumbency has no effect on the outcome of elections.

Flag this Question

Question 112 pts

Permanent committees that continue from term to term are called ______ committees.

permanent select standing sitting

Flag this Question

Question 122 pts

The event that signaled the increasing importance of television and image in

politics was

the televised moon landing.

the media's concentration on civil rights protests. the Fireside Chats.

the Nixon / Kennedy debates.

Flag this Question

Question 132 pts

Today most media outlets are

each owned by one individual or family.

censored only by the government.

owned by just a few corporations.

independent with no ties to other business entities.

Flag this Question

Question 142 pts

Media corporations compete with each other less due to

government regulation. cross-ownership. diagonal integration.

all of the above.

Flag this Question

Question 152 pts

Those who saw the Nixon/Kennedy debates on TV mostly thought that _____

won.

Nixon.

Kennedy.

George Bush.

the third party candidate in the debates.

Flag this Question

Question 162 pts

Those who support the delegate model of representation believe that

representatives should follow their own conscience.

citizens can be represented by any representative. minorities should be represented by minorities. representatives should vote as their voters would.

Flag this Question

Question 172 pts

A committee that holds a hearing to see if the executive branch is enforcing a

law as Congress intended is engaging in

legitimating behavior. legislative oversight. logrolling.

agenda setting.

Flag this Question

Question 182 pts

A congressional representative is following the trustee philosophy when he or she

votes like they want, even if that's different from their constituents. votes like their constituents would.

takes instructions from party leaders on how to vote.

consults with the president before an important vote.

Flag this Question

Question 192 pts

All of the following make the Senate more prestigious than the House of

Representatives EXCEPT

some of the tasks of the Senate.

size of constituency.

the idea that the Senate cools the tea.

the shorter terms in the Senate

Flag this Question

Question 202 pts

_____ refers to reallocating the number of seats that each state has in the

House of Representatives.

Reapportionment Redistricting Proportional allocation Selective representation

Flag this Question

Question 212 pts

In the Constitution there is more written about the _____ branch than any other.

legislative executive judicial bureaucratic

Flag this Question

Question 222 pts

The Bipartisan Campaign Finance or McCain-Feingold Act

created Political Action Committees.

removed money's constitutional protection.

banned soft money contributions to political parties. banned hard money contributions to candidates.

Flag this Question

Question 232 pts

According to the last couple of census counts population in the U.S. has

shifted from eastern states to western states. shifted from northern states to southern states. shifted from the southeast to the northwest. really not changed that much geographically

Flag this Question

Question 242 pts

______ and ______ have the first caucuses and primary elections.

owa, Vermont

New Hampshire, Vermont Iowa, New Hampshire

New Hampshire, South Carolina

Flag this Question

Question 252 pts

Primary elections in which you must be a member of a political party to vote

for that party's candidates are called

blanket primaries. closed primaries. open primaries. party primaries.

Flag this Question

Question 262 pts

Grassroots lobbying is designed to influence policy by

convincing members of interest groups to contact political leaders by letters, telegrams, e-mail, faxes, and phone calls.

reminding legislators of the values and beliefs they held when they first entered politics.

persuading legislators of the critical importance of farm issues.

persuading legislators that a correct vote on a bill will produce campaign contributions.

Flag this Question

Question 272 pts

A "public interest group" is defined by

membership exceeding 10,000.

liberal political goals.

benefiting everyone in society.

membership drawn from low socioeconomic levels.

Flag this Question

Question 282 pts

A distinguishing fact about the Democratic party is that it

is patterned after the British Labour Party.

is the oldest political party in existence anywhere. was founded to combat slavery.

is the youngest major party in the United States.

Flag this Question

Question 292 pts

One reason that we have a two-party system in the U.S. is

the winner take all election system.

getting on the ballot is easy for third parties.

most Americans have extreme political views. the Constitution requires it.

Flag this Question

Question 302 pts

Campaigns used to be called ________ centered but now they are called

_______ centered.

party, media

party, candidate party boss, candidate people, corporate

Flag this Question

Question 312 pts

When states move the dates of their primary elections to earlier dates it is called

rescheduling. frontloading.

electoral advancement. electoral undercutting.

Flag this Question

Question 322 pts

When the electoral college votes

all states have the same number of votes.

the District of Columbia gets no votes.

the winner of the popular vote always wins the electoral college vote. states with larger populations get more votes.

Flag this Question

Question 332 pts

The important campaign finance law that was passed in the 1970s was the

Hatch Act.

Corrupt Practices Act.

Federal Elections Campaign Act and amendments. McCain-Feingold Act.

Flag this Question

Question 342 pts

In the Buckley v. Valeo case the Supreme Court ruled that

money is the same thing as speech.

Congress can pass any laws necessary to limit money in campaigns.

public funding of campaigns is unconstitutional.

public funding is only constitutional in congressional elections.

Flag this Question

Question 352 pts

_______ would probably resist any attempt to eliminate the electoral college.

Democrats

Minor or third parties Large states

Small states

Flag this Question

Question 362 pts

The House Rules Committee can make it hard for a bill to pass by

establishing a short time for debate. allowing a long time for debate. forbidding amendments to the bill. requiring a supermajority vote to pass it.

Flag this Question

Question 372 pts

The most powerful position in the House of Representatives is _______ and

_______ currently (as of 4/22/18) holds that position.

Majority Leader, Mitch McConnell Majority Leader, Paul Ryan

Speaker of the House, Paul Ryan. Speaker of the House, Mitch McConnell

Flag this Question

Question 382 pts

Politicians use ______ and _______ to counteract negative images created by

media.

media events, video news releases video news releases, running for office running for office, law suits

law suits, mud slinging

Flag this Question

Question 392 pts

Drawing congressional district boundaries in a way that makes sure that one

party of the other will win elections is called

redistricting.

over-representation. gerrymandering. selective redistricting.

Flag this Question

Question 402 pts

One way that the media can control which domestic or foreign policy problems

government will try to solve is

press conferences. video news releases. media events. agenda setting.

Flag this Question

Question 412 pts

the purpose of a vote of cloture in the U.S. Senate is to

stop a filibuster and pass a bill.

elect the majority leader.

send a bill over to the House of Representatives. close the door when it's cold out.

Flag this Question

Question 422 pts

The reason that the Supreme Court's ruling on the Bipartisan Campaign

Reform Act changed between 2003 and 2010 was that

Justice Kennedy changed his mind.

Justice Scalia died and was replaced by President Obama. Sandra Day O'Connor retired and was replaced by Samuel Alito. interest groups heavily lobbied the Supreme Court.

Flag this Question

Question 432 pts

The Supreme Court decision that struck down overall limits on hard money

contributions was

McConnell vs. FEC. McCutcheon vs. FEC. Buckley vs. Valeo. Horton vs. Grand.

Flag this Question

Question 442 pts

The money primary refers to the fact that

in November's general elections money is the primary thing a candidate needs.

money is only important in primary elections.

the candidate who raises the most money will probably win the primary elections. none of the above.

Flag this Question

Question 452 pts

The redistricting plan in California in the 2010s was

a racial gerrymander.

a partisan gerrymander. drawn by a citizen panel. drawn by a panel of judges.

Flag this Question

Question 462 pts

Probably the main reason that the founders established the electoral college for presidential elections was that

in 1789 most voters were uneducated and uninformed.

large states would be ignored without it.

because it allowed the people to choose the president.

because electors are required to vote for the candidate who won their state's popular vote.

Flag this Question

Question 472 pts

The role of Congress where members of the House of Representatives is

supposed to help those they represent is called

trustee representation. delegate representation. virtual representation.

casework.

Flag this Question

Question 482 pts

In the last few decades electoral dealignment (with a D) has led to

voters switching from the major parties to minor parties or no party.

more voters leaving the Democratic party for the Republican party.

more voters leaving the Republican party for the Democratic party.

the Democratic and Republican parties moving closer together ideologically.

Flag this Question

Question 492 pts

Minor parties are largely unsuccessful in U.S. elections because of

the electoral system.

difficult ballot access. historical foundations. All of the above.

Flag this Question

Question 502 pts

Which of the following is a good example of a professional interest group?

The Sierra Club.

The National Rifle Association. The American Medical Association. The Business Roundtable. 

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