a. The Allies of World War II had taken a stand against the Axis.
b. The Soviet Union had imposed communist
governments on the nations of Eastern Europe.
c. Eastern European nations united to build an iron wall between Eastern and Western bloc countries.
d. The United Nations forced an end to the British Empire.
2.What policy first committed the United States to the containment of communism?
b. European Recovery Program
c. Yalta Accords
d. Marshall Plan
3.What organization was formed to provide mutual defense and stop Soviet aggression?
a. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
b. United Nations
c. Organization of American States
d. Soviet Nonaggression Pact
4.What program offered millions of dollars to aid European recovery from World War II?
a.European Economic Plan
b. Truman Doctrine
c. Marshall Plan
d.Kennan Recovery Plan
5.How did the United States and Great Britain prevent starvation in a democratic German city blockaded by the Soviets?
a.Bonn Air Operation
c.Rhine Relief Program
d. Berlin Airlift
6.Which was a key issue in Truman's run for reelection in 1948?
a. the economy and labor
b. European recovery
c. elimination of Social Security
7.How did the United States respond to communist Mao Zedong's assumption of power in China?
b. by withdrawing U.S. aid
c. with a blockade
d. with military force
8.What was the U.S. response to North Korea's invasion of South Korea?
a. U.S. troops prepared for attack pending UN negotiations.
b. The United States did nothing specific.
c.U.S. troops aided South Korea with support from the UN.
d. The United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Yalu region of North Korea.
9.Who commanded U.S. troops during the Korean War, but was fired for insubordination?
b. Matthew Ridgway
c. Douglas MacArthur
d. Chester Nimitz
10.What was the outcome of the Korean War?
a.South Korean victory
b. North Korean victory
c. United States victory
11.What was McCarthyism?
a. a general's unusual plan for retreat in Korea
b. a new economic plan for European recovery
c. a right wing senator's unfounded hunt for communists
d. a commitment to end communism in China
12.What was partly responsible for the trials of Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs?
a. Supreme Court decisions of the 1950s
b. Soviet infiltration in the United States
c. a second Red Scare
d. World War II Nazi trials
13.What accounted for Dwight Eisenhower's popular appeal and subsequent victory in the 1952 presidential election?
a. People trusted the slogan that "Things are right with Dwight."
b. People were reassured both by his charm and the leadership qualities he had shown in World War II.
c.Since he was from Kansas, Eisenhower had a broad constituency across the country.
d.As a Democrat following Roosevelt and Truman, Eisenhower had a natural following.
14.Which was a great influence on Eisenhower's foreign policy?
a. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles's support of the threat of massive retaliation against a Soviet attack
b. Chief Justice Earl Warren's urging that the federal courts prosecute spies and impose severe penalties
c.FBI director J. Edgar Hoover's belief in developing a strong federal intelligence agency
d.Vice President Richard Nixon's establishment of private arms funds from wealthy donors
15.Why did the United States help overthrow governments in Guatemala and Iran?
a. to establish democratically elected governments
b. to stop the spread of communism
c. to help the people of those countries who asked for aid
d. to establish and support capitalism
16.What did the launch of Sputnik in the Soviet Union and the establishment of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in the United States signal?
a. the beginning of the space race
b.a successful United Nations mission
c.a joint effort to reach the moon
d.the need for a nuclear arms treaty
17.What concern did President Eisenhower express in his farewell address?
a. that the United States would not build enough rockets
b.that war would break out in the Middle East
c.that the military-industrial complex would become too powerful
d.that the Soviets would take over all of Germany