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Timeline of Women's Suffrage in the West to 1914

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1848

Declaration of Sentiments

Seneca Falls Convention published the Declaration of Sentiments and was followed by 12 years of national conventions that asserted the right of women to vote.



1850-60

National Women's Rights Convention

Annual meetings of the National Women's Rights Convention.



1867

The 15th Amendment

The 15th Amendment gives all men, including freed male slaves, the right to vote. But Congress refuses to provide for universal suffrage for both men and women.



1869

The National Woman Suffrage Association and

the American Woman Suffrage Association

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony found the National Woman Suffrage Association with the explicit goal of gaining women the right to vote in the United States. Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell form the American Woman Suffrage Association with the goal of gaining women the right to vote in the states.



1870

Wyoming

Wyoming enters the Union having given women the right to vote statewide.



1890

National American Woman Suffrage Association

The two woman suffrage organizations combine to make the National American Woman Suffrage Association.



1893

Colorado

Colorado, encouraged by the Populist Party, gives women the right to vote in state elections.



1896

Utah and Idaho

Utah and Idaho, which were dominated politically by the Mormons, give women the right to vote in state and local elections.



1910

Washington

Washington extends women the right to vote after several earlier efforts had nearly succeeded but ultimately failed.



1911

California

California approves suffrage after a 20-year campaign by women's groups and Progressives.



1912

Oregon, Kansas, and Arizona

Oregon extends the vote after five failed ballot initiatives from 1884 to 1910; Kansas extends the vote for presidential and state-wide elections after several decades in which women had the right to vote and hold office in cities and towns; Arizona extends the right to vote to women a few months after becoming a state.



1914

Montana and Nevada

Montana and Nevada vote woman suffrage, after finding themselves surrrounded by states with universal suffrage.




"The Awakening," Puck Magazine, February 20, 1915

In the mid-1910s, poet and playwright Alice Duer Miller was publishing a series of poems in support of suffrage which she collected into a book called Are Women People?Puck Magazine republished one of these poems and commissioned the illustration, "The Awakening," to accompany the poem. The animator was Hy Mayer, a long-time illustrator for the New York Times who had just been appointed head animator for Puck Magazine, a popular magazine of political and social satire at the turn of the century.

The woman in the cartoon is Lady Liberty with her lantern of enlightenment and a garment that says "Votes for Women." She is striding from the western states, which by 1915 had given women the right to vote in all elections -- national, state, and local -- to women who are portrayed as being sunk into a chasm or hole in the eastern and southern states and reaching up to her for help and assistance.


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