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Rationale of Removal : summarizing each of Editorial

Emotional Appeal : summarizing the emotion that the

editorial writers are appealing to and place this in the middle column.

critique of the Logic of Editorial :  brief critique of the rationale advocated in the editorial. You should cite counter information or provide a logical argument against the editorial. 


you can pick any 3 editorials below


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Sources

Editorial 1

"Their Best Way to Show Loyalty," editorial, The San Francisco News , March 6, 1942

Japanese leaders in California who are counseling their people, both aliens and native-born, to co-operate with the Army in carrying out the evacuation plans are, in effect, offering the best possible way for all Japanese to demonstrate their loyalty to the United States.

Many aliens and practically all the native-born have been protesting their allegiance to this Government. Although their removal to inland districts outside the military zones may inconvenience them somewhat, even work serious hardships upon some, they must certainly recognize the necessity of clearing the coastal combat areas of all possible fifth columnists and saboteurs. Inasmuch as the presence of enemy agents cannot be detected readily when these areas are thronged by Japanese the only course left is to remove all persons of that race for the duration of the war.

That is a clear-cut policy easily understood. Its execution should be supported by all citizens of whatever racial background, but especially it presents an opportunity to the people of an enemy race to prove their spirit of co-operation and keep their relations with the rest of the population of this country on the firm ground of friendship. . . .Real danger would exist for all Japanese if they remained in the combat area. The least act of sabotage might provoke angry reprisals that easily could balloon into bloody race riots.

We must avoid any chance of that sort of thing. The most sensible, the most humane way to insure against it is to move the Japanese out of harm's way and make it as easy as possible for them to go and to remain away until the war is over.

Editorial 2

"Negro-Japanese Fifth Column Possible," by Arthur Caylor, The San Francisco News , March 2, 1942

...My story is that, whatever the philosophy involved, the enemy's agents in our town are not neglecting an attempt to create Japanese-Negro anti-white-race fifth column. The Japanese colony and the Negro colony in San Francisco are close enough neighbors to provide many contacts. They share some things in common. The color-line is not so noticeable as it is elsewhere. This had made it possible, my agents learn from loyal Negro sources, for Japanese to spread racial propaganda.

It isn't propaganda of the ridiculous Nazi kind, either. It doesn't tell the Negro people that they're really black Aryans. It points out subtly that their own experience should teach the Negroes that there's less difference between brown and black than between black and white.

It takes advantage of all the real discrimination that has gone on, as well as the propaganda the Communists have used in past years in their effort to grab off the Negro vote. It attempts to sell the Negro on the idea that, although pacific by nature, he has often been forced into American military enterprises -- and paid off in dirt....

Editorial 3

"Praise for the Army and General De Witt for the Evacuation," by Arthur Caylor, The San Francisco News , April 7, 1942

When the full story of the Japanese hejira comes out, the Army and associate agencies of the Wartime Civil Control Administration probably will get a gadget of some sort -- for distinguished service. For winning a battle seems a very simple process in comparison to the task of moving a segment of population with so little dislocation.

What most people don't know -- not even the affected Japanese -- is that the first plan devised by the Army was something strenuously different from the comparatively smooth and considerate process which is actually being followed. The Army hoped it would never have to use Plan No. 1 But it had it ready -- still has, in fact....


But it much prefers, my agents learn, the minimum-dislocation plan it is

actually following. Not only is it far more convenient for the Japanese -- many of them American citizens, don't forget -- but in the long run it promises to get the evacuees set in their new homes with less aggregate delay and inconvenience....

It is to be assumed, naturally, that the Government has been determined to give the Japanese Government no grounds for reprisals. But the system in use, as it turns out, is just as American as if Americans only were being moved....

Editorial 4

"Aliens Should Dispose of Contraband," by Arthur Caylor, The San Francisco News, April 24, 1942

It betrays no secret of the FBI to suggest that with the Japanese situation under control, the G-men will have more time to devote to German and Italian residents. They have no desire to toss such enemy-aliens into camps. But if German and Italian San Franciscans haven't had the good sense to get [rid] of all contraband, the FBI has a duty to perform -- and will. The aliens will get a chance to explain. But once they're in the jug, the explanation had better be good.

Head Agent [N.L.J.] Pieper and his men will also have more time to devote to citizens who figure that Hitler and Mussolini are lovable characters and deserve help in their efforts to benefit mankind -- a broad, international viewpoint which involves a slight touch of treason. Enemy-citizens represent a much more difficult problem than enemy-aliens, because the FBI unlike the secret police in more advanced countries, must prepare court-worthy cases before nabbing them. But it won't be long now.

Editorial 5

"Japanese Won't Be Welcomed Back," by Arthur Caylor, The San Francisco News , April 29, 1942

When the war is over and the Japanese come back to Japtown -- the date to be announced later -- they're likely to discover that Japtown doesn't live here anymore. Indeed, the Japanese -- aliens and citizens alike -- may find that San Francisco has grown cold-shoulderish to their return at all. For there seems to be a sub-surface meeting-of-minds if not an actual campaign among certain influential groups, some of them official, to extend the cleanup Japantown campaign in such a way as to build a Japanese wall around this once tolerant and international city.

Just as some governors have been swearing to High Heaven that no Japanese shall come into their states, b'gosh, so certain San Franciscans begun voicing the slogan that the Japanese shall never come back. This may be easier than it seems. City officials, for instance, will probably find it simpler than expected to move in on Japtown.

Of the 728 buildings in the 24 blocks of Japtown, it turns out, only 133 are owned by Japanese. Whites own nearly all the rest -- 580 of them, to be exact. Plenty of pressure can be put on the owners to make it a "no vacancy" area so far as the Japanese are concerned.

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