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44) Today, the  Federalist Papers  remain the primary explanation...

44) Today, the Federalist Papers remain the primary explanation to understand the rationale for the U.S. Constitution and how it should be understood in the context of American democracy and the United States as a federal republic. True or false

43)Federalism didn't solve the problem of geography or that direct democracy is inherently unstable. Prior to the United States, there had never been a democratic system of government that had lasted more than one generation. The way the Founders solved this problem is by making the United States a republic with representative democracy. True or false

42) The Federalists believed that the greatest threat to the future of the United States could be found in what they saw as the Blank 1 of democracy (e.g. majority tyranny/faddish thinking/populism/mob rule, or minority tyranny/dictatorship/aristocracy) that had destroyed all prior attempts at direct democratic systems as evidenced in popular disturbances/protests like Blank 2 and the pro-debtor policies of many states.

Blank 1- .......add your answer

Blank 2-.....add your answer

40) For Federalists, the Constitution was required in order to safeguard the liberty and independence that the American Revolution had created.

Blank 1 -...add your answer

Blank 2-.....add your answer

39)The Anti-Federalists were those who felt the bulk of power should reside with the individual states and individuals. Because they were still fully aware of the tyranny they had just overthrown, they feared that a strong centralized government would use its power to create new monarchy or at the very least a government that was not accountable to the states and the people. Hence, they advocated for a Bill of Rights to protect the rights of the people from an abusive government and honor the values in the Declaration of Independence. True or false

38) The main goal of the Constitution when replacing the Articles of Confederation were to form a national government, and it was designed to separate powers amongst the federal form (4 words) with checks and balances, and between the central government and the state governments.

Blank 1 -...add your answer

37) The Federalists consisted of those who preferred a strong centralized government. They saw that without a strong centralized form of government the states themselves were weak and vulnerable. They did not have the ability to tax and raise an army for national defense. The differing laws, taxes, and sometimes borders of each state varied which led to conflict. Without a centralizing structure it was likely these states would end up in conflict with each other or easily taken over by a larger, more established nation. True or false

35) The Articles of Confederation revealed to the Founders that independent states, with a loosely formed national government that was subservient to the states, could not function, particularly when it came to interstate Blank 1 and national Blank 2.

Blank 1- add your answr

Blank 2 -add your answer

34) The Federalists believed that a federal republic would limit government powers thereby providing the means to secure the Blank 1 of the citizens of America.

Blank 1 -...add your answer

33)The Federalists designed the Constitution to Blank 1 the 13 states into one great nation, under one federal government, in such a way that the individual states and their respective governments would not be eliminated. Hence the name of the new nation was the Blank 2 States of America.

Blank 1-add your answer

Blank 2-add your answer

32) Benjamin Franklin was a Federalist who believed in the power of a strong national government to ensure the rights of the people and led the "Great Compromise of 1787" that gave state proportional representation in the House, and two senators each in the Senate to give populous states the advantage in one, and smaller states the advantage in the other. True or false

31) The two groups who had different ideas about how the Constitution protected individual liberties were the Blank 1 and the Blank 2.

Blank 1 -add your answer

Blank 2 -add your answer

30) The Federalist Alexander Hamilton advocated in his Federalist Papers essays that a strong king-like executive was necessary to lead a central government, leading to the criticism of "Hamilton's mad monarch" by the Anti-Federalists. True or fasle

29) Patrick Henry was a Virginian legislator and Anti-Federalist who argued at the Constitutional Convention that a strong central government would lead to the same end that the colonist had already experienced, and that the Constitution did not respect the values found in the Declaration of Independence, therefore a Bill of Rights was necessary to protect the individual and to limit government interference in the affairs of the states and the people. True or false

28) John Adams, the eventual second president of the United States, wrote Thoughts on Government, where he proposed a bicameral legislature (similar to the Virginia Plan) because he worried a single cameral legislature would keep itself in power, i.e. a legislature with two houses would have an internal check on its actions. True or false

27) After the Constitutional Convention of 1787 had ended, the proposed Constitution was immediately ratified without any debate. True or fasle

25) Thomas Jefferson, an Anti-Federalist and eventual third president of the United States, believed and worked toward a federal government with limited powers. An Anti-Federalist, he believed the Constitution should focus on strong localized governments as well as strong ties to Great Britain. He thought that people would be able to make informed decisions on a state level and did not need a system of a strong centralized government as the Federalists suggested it. True or fasle


The philosopher John Locke argued that natural rights such as life, liberty, and property existed in the state of nature and could never be taken away or even voluntarily given up by individuals, i.e. there were unalienable. Thus, a social contract to create the necessity of government was between the people and a sovereign/king, and if the sovereign violated these natural rights, then the social contract was broken, and the people had a right to revolt and establish a new government. The founding document that contains this theory is __________________.

  1. The Constitution
  2. The Declaration of Independence
  3. The Articles of Confederation
  4. The Mayflower Compact

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