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1) Which of these correctly compares the libertarian and...

1) Which of these correctly compares the libertarian and conservative ideals of a model economy? (4 points)

Libertarian Conservative

A) No regulation Moderate regulation

B) Government management of the economy through direct means Government management of the economy through indirect means

C)International trade controls International free market

D) Market-determined opportunity Government-determined opportunity



(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)


2) Which of the following is believed to be a key duty of the federal government in the Keynesian approach to economic and fiscal policy? (4 points)


To regulate the level of demand


To ensure a balanced budget each year


To offer incentives to stimulate business


To fix unemployment by lowering taxes



3) While not formally one of the national political institutions, political parties today are nonetheless major players in both national and state politics. They have long provided what may be considered quasi-governmental services, including candidate recruitment, the operation of political campaigns, and the supervision of the voting process. As with the federal bureaucracy, political parties are important extra-constitutional political institutions that have been essentially grafted onto our separation of powers system. The ambiguity surrounding the proper institutional role that parties should conceptually play in American politics has posed vexing problems for the courts in balancing party independence with government supervision. In order to ascertain the role that political parties should play within our political system, it is useful to see them as informal parts of the larger system of separation of powers. If parties are seen as part of this larger system, then it follows that they are entitled to a certain amount of judicial protection to ensure their integrity and independence. Under this interpretation, the courts should bear some responsibility for preserving the separateness of political parties in the same way as the judiciary ensures that the powers of the formal branches of the government do not unduly infringe upon one another. If parties are seen as performing some governmental functions, then it follows that they should be entitled to some independence in the conduct of these functions. If parties are to check government power, then some of their activities must lie beyond direct government control. The level of independence granted to parties should vary depending on the type of party activity under consideration.

—Robert C. Wington, "American Political Parties Under the First Amendment," 1999

Why do the activities listed by the author allow political parties the power to promote the interests of their voters?


They provide advice and information to elected representatives, their staffs, and bureaucratic officials.


They execute legislation and develop rules and regulations laying out how laws will be put into action.


They have enormous influence over the selection and election of officials, power over legislative processes, and significant power to check presidential agendas.


They provide reportage, opinion, research, and discussion forums to a national spectrum of parties, factions, and interest groups.


4) Members of a third political party hope to influence as many voters as possible to turn out on the upcoming election day to vote for their candidates. Statewide election issues they hope to encourage their party members to support include reducing gun regulations. Supporting national candidates who favor fewer business regulations and lower taxes are also reasons the local party is encouraging its members to vote on Election Day.

Which method would be most effective in accomplishing this goal in the time leading up to the election?


Holding a local rally for party candidates to share political messages


Microtargeting like-minded voters via electronic campaign robocalls


Door-to-door distribution of candidates' flyers advertising local endorsements


Encouraging local residents to display lawn signs promoting party candidates

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