1 Caste System (18th Century Nomenclature of New Spain) Spaniard and Indian = Mestizo (1/2 European and 1/2 Native American) Mestizo and Spanish...
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What was the ultimate purpose of the Sistemas de Castas 

  1. or more accurately, defining demographic groups by genealogy, in New Spain?
  2. Although not directly stated in the article and within the context of the baptismal priest, what was likely to occur with social ranking, among children born from unions between Gauchapine males and a mullato females? Briefly explain.
  3. Looking at the previous response, how did miscegenation eventually affect the social structure of New Spain?
  4. Briefly explain the relevancy of this reading, when studying slave populations in regions colonized by Iberians.

Key Terms:

Miscegenation - Intermixture between different ethnic groups. Phenotype - Physical characteristics

Genotype - Genetic composition; genetic bloodline, ancestryAAS SP 2021 Caste System and Hierachy.jpg

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1 Caste System (18th Century Nomenclature of New Spain) Spaniard and Indian = Mestizo (1/2 European and 1/2 Native American) Mestizo and Spanish woman = Castizo (3/4 European and 1/4 Native American) . Castizo woman and Spaniard = Spaniard (7/8 European and 1/8 Native American) Spanish woman and black man = Mulatto (1/2 European and 1/2 African) . Spaniard and Mulatto = Morisco (3/4 European and 1/4 African) Morisco woman and Spaniard = Albino (7/8 European and 1/8 African) Spaniard and Albino woman = Torna atras ("turn back") (15/16 European and 1/16 African) Indian man and Torna atras woman = Lobo (1/2 Native American, 15/32 European, and 1/32 African) Lobo and Indian woman = Zambaigo (3/4 Native American, 15/64 European, and 1/64 African) Zambaigo and Indian woman = Cambujo (7/8 Native American, 15/128 European, and 1/128 African Cambujo and mulatto woman = Albarazado (7/16 Native American, 79/256 European, and 65/128 African) Albarazado and Mulatto woman = Barcino (13/32 European, 7/32 Native American, and 3/8 African) Barcino and Mulatto woman = Coyote (117/256 European, 7/64 Native American, and 111/256 African) Coyote woman and Indian man = Chamiso (29/128 European, 227/4096, Native American, and 3405/4096 African) Chamiso woman and Mestizo = Coyote mestizo (93/256 European, 135/256 Native American, and 7/64 African) Coyote mestizo and Mulatto woman = Ahi te estas ("there you stay") (3535/8192 European, 2161/8192 Native American, and 1248/4096 African) This list represents only some of the existing social and legal terms, put in place by the colonizing Spaniards to firmly establish how far away one is from pure European blood. Every Spanish colony had its own, equally complex, system of determining one's racial genealogy. They did not block intermixing but placed the result of interracial relations in the caste system. The Spaniards gave the world the notion that an aristocrat's blood is not red, but blue. The Spanish nobility started taking shape around the ninth century in classic military fashion, occupying land as warriors on horseback. They were to continue the process for more than five hundred years, clawing back sections of the peninsula from its Moorish occupiers, and a nobleman demonstrated his pedigree by holding up his sword arm to display the filigree of blue-blooded veins beneath his pale skin--proof that his birth had not been contaminated by the dark-skinned enemy."Robert Lacey, Aristocrats. Little, Brown and Company, 1983, p. 6. Limpieza de sangre was a very important concept among Spaniards who settled in the Americas. The Laws of the Indies repeatedly banned descendants of Conversos and those reconciliated with the Inquisition of settling in the Americas (the reiteration suggests that the laws were often ineffectual) [1].

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