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Question 1 1 pts George F. Kennan's 1947 article for Foreign...

Question 11 ptsGeorge F. Kennan's 1947 article for Foreign Affairs supported the belief that

Group of answer choices



the Soviets did not want confrontation with the United States.


the United States should extend humanitarian aid to the Soviet Union.


only toughness would work in countering the Soviet threat.


military force should be used by the United States and its allies to liberate Eastern Europe from Soviet domination.

 

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Question 2

1 pts

George F. Kennan's containment policy was based on

Group of answer choices



the belief the spread of communism could be contained if the United States ignored the Soviet Union in world affairs.


the belief that the Soviet Union would limit its expansionist efforts in the face of superior force.


the belief the expansion of communism into southeast Asia was inevitable.


the belief a hard-line foreign policy would have little effect on the Soviet Union's expansionist policies.

 

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Question 3

1 pts

What was the name of the Cold War policy the United States used to justify providing European countries vulnerable to the Soviet Union with financial assistance?

Group of answer choices



Internment


Imperialism


Containment


Confrontation

 

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Question 4

1 pts

Greece and Turkey were early flashpoints in the Cold War. How did the United States respond to unrest in Greece and Turkey in 1947?

Group of answer choices



The United States sent $400 million to both nations to be used in resisting communism


The United States sent military advisers to train anti-communist forces in both countries


The United States actively intervened in Greece but not in Turkey


The United States established long range missiles in these nations, capable of reaching Moscow

 

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Question 5

1 pts

The Truman Doctrine committed the United States to

Group of answer choices



stopping the spread of communism.


reducing the world's supply of nuclear weapons.


a global open door policy.


using the United Nations to resolve disagreements.

 

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Question 6

1 pts

The Truman Doctrine and George F. Kennan's "Mr. X" article both proposed

Group of answer choices



the containment doctrine.


a plan to encourage dissent and instability within the Soviet Union.


the policy of détente.


that the United States refrain from getting involved in the internal affairs of other nations.

 

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Question 7

1 pts

The Marshall Plan was intended to

Group of answer choices



channel reparations from Germany to the United States to repay European debts from both World Wars.


restore economic stability to Europe, but also create economic opportunity for the U.S.


isolate the Soviet Union by creating an increased U.S. military presence in Central Europe.


create West German currency, thereby creating incentive for reunification in East Germany.

 

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Question 8

1 pts

The European Recovery Program approved by Congress in March 1948 did all of the following EXCEPT

Group of answer choices



benefit the economies of the Eastern European nations.


promote the objectives of containment.


help restore the economies of sixteen Western European nations.


strengthen the American economy.

 

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Question 9

1 pts

Which statement best describes the Marshall Plan along with the Soviet's reaction to it?

Group of answer choices



It offered economic assistance to all nations agreeing to fight the Soviet Union.


The Soviet Union created its own version to incorporate Eastern European economies into the Soviet system.


When it learned that it was not included in the plan, the Soviet Union threatened to go to war with any nation that took advantage of it.


The plan required that Western European nations work closely with all factions, including Communists.

 

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Question 10

1 pts

What was the message of NSC-68?

Group of answer choices



The loss of China to communism was inevitable because American officials considered the Nationalist government too corrupt to survive


A call for a tripling of the annual defense budget for the purpose of stopping communism


An economic argument for isolationism, due to the fact that the Soviet economy was weaker than that of the United States.


A warning that the idea of the domino theory may represent a slippery slope commitment that would result in dozens of new wars

 

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Question 11

1 pts

What was the situation in Korea when World War II ended?

Group of answer choices



The Soviets had suppressed a Korean independence movement.


The Americans had suppressed a Korean independence movement.


The Soviets and Americans agreed to a temporary division of Korea.


It was still under the control of Japan.

 

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Question 12

1 pts

President Truman's decision to pursue a negotiated settlement to the Korean conflict that would allow Communist rule in North Korea to continue was the equivalent of admitting defeat in the view of General MacArthur, who

Group of answer choices



brought his grievances quietly to the Pentagon.


quit his command in protest.


publicly challenged the president's authority.


refused to order his troops to stand down.

 

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Question 13

1 pts

All of the following events related to the Korean War are true EXCEPT

Group of answer choices



China sent nearly one million soldiers to repulse the UN-backed attack


Communist forces took Seoul


The United Nations established the 38th Parallel as the boundary between North and South Korea


An armistice was never officially signed

 

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Question 14

1 pts

The United States ultimately supported France in the war in Indochina because the American government

Group of answer choices



believed doing so would help curtail the further spread of communism.


wanted to punish the Vietnamese for the assistance they gave to Japan during the Second World War.


was firmly convinced that the French were legally entitled to the land.


believed that most Vietnamese wanted the French to remain.

 

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Question 15

1 pts

President Eisenhower's embrace of a U.S. defense strategy that relied on nuclear weapons and airpower was referred to as

Group of answer choices



"the red scare" because Eisenhower hoped to intimidate Communist leaders into staying within their borders.


"massive retaliation" because the United States would henceforth respond to acts of aggression with perhaps its entire nuclear might.


"the military-industrial complex" because the strategy would require the utmost utilization of both private and public resources to develop the needed materials.


"the domino theory" because the Administration believed that the Soviet economy would collapse because they would have spend all their resources on defense.

 

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Question 16

1 pts

The film On the Beach, adapted from a novel by Nigel Shute

Group of answer choices



attacked the wastefulness of the space race.


criticized the conformity of the 1950s.


challenged the racism of American society.


portrayed the horror of nuclear war.

 

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Question 17

1 pts

In response to the launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957

Group of answer choices



politicians determined that the public education system was a failure for not creating enough scientists, and campaigned to eliminate it.


the federal government began spending billions of dollars to perfect its own ICBM technology and launch its own satellites and astronauts into space.


Harry Truman condemned the Republicans for allowing a scientific gap to occur.


the Republican party took responsibility for the fact that the United States had fallen behind the Soviets in this area of scientific discovery.

 

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Question 18

1 pts

The McCarran Internal Security Act

Group of answer choices



outlawed the Communist Party in the United States.


gave the government the power to conduct secret investigations into any group the president considered subversive.


required all public employees to take an oath of loyalty to the government.


required Communists to register with the attorney general.

 

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Question 19

1 pts

Charged with espionage, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

Group of answer choices



pleaded with Joe McCarthy for mercy ? in vain.


got a lighter sentence by denunciating Alger Hiss in the State Department.


professed innocence, were found guilty and executed.


confessed and met leniency.

 

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Question 20

1 pts

This couple was tried, convicted, and executed for giving nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union.

Group of answer choices



Dwight and Eleanor Eisenhower


Alger and Ethel Hiss


Julius and Ethel Rosenberg


Joseph and Ester McCarthy

 

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Question 21

1 pts

Which of the following was not among the features of the increasing domestic anticommunist uproar in the late 1940s and early 1950s?

Group of answer choices



Teachers and other educators in many states were forced to sign loyalty oaths.


Two American citizens, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, were executed as Soviet spies.


The Federal Bureau of Investigation successfully prevented the Soviets from stealing American atomic secrets.


The House Un-American Activities Committee successfully exposed the State Department's Alger Hiss as a Communist agent.

 

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Question 22

1 pts

Senator Joseph McCarthy first rose to national prominence by

Group of answer choices



mobilizing Republicans to demand a stronger anticommunist foreign policy in East Asia.


charging that dozens of known communists were working within the U.S. State Department.


revealing that communist spies were passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.


charging that there was extensive communist influence in Hollywood and the media.

 

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Question 23

1 pts

Senator Joseph McCarthy's anti-communist crusade resulted

Group of answer choices



in the identification of thousands of labor leaders who were actively working with the Communist Party in Russia.


in the restoration of free speech and civil rights in the United States.


in the slander and blacklisting of entertainers, civil rights activists, and labor organizers who were suspected communists.


in the arrest of communists in the State Department intent on fostering subversion within the United States government.

 

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Question 24

1 pts

Why did the Hollywood Ten refuse to cooperate with the House on Un-American Activities (HUAC)?

Group of answer choices



They were active members of the Communist Party


They were anti-war activists that did not support American involvement in World War II


They were ordered by the Communist Party not to cooperate


They argued the anti-communist movement violated their first amendment rights

 

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Question 25

1 pts

What effect did the Red Scare have on the motion picture industry in Hollywood?

Group of answer choices



Some notables exercised their Fifth-Amendment right against self-incrimination, for which they were blacklisted or jailed.


Producers fanned the flames of anti-communist paranoia by making blatantly propagandistic films and television shows.


Some notables cooperated with HUAC and used the hearings as an opportunity to affirm their patriotism.


All of the given answers are legitimate.

 

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Question 26

1 pts

Although the Hollywood Ten pleaded the Fifth Amendment during their questioning before HUAC,

Group of answer choices



they were jailed for contempt of Congress.


they were later found guilty in a trial by jury.


many of them ended up "naming names" later.


their testimonies were coerced with torture.

 

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Question 27

1 pts

Senator McCarthy's anticommunist crusade ended when he

Group of answer choices



alleged that there were communists in Hollywood.


maliciously and recklessly attacked the U.S. Army for allegedly sheltering communists.


began to attack the personal integrity of General George C. Marshall.


alleged that there were communists in the Foreign Service.

 

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Question 28

1 pts

As he left office, Dwight Eisenhower told Americans that the military and the arms industry

Group of answer choices



exercised too much influence on government.


had been the nation's greatest defense against the threat of communism.


had failed miserably in containing communism.


must find common ground and cease their quarrelling.

 

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Question 29

1 pts

Why did the United States fail to help more of the decolonization independence movements during the 1940s-1970s?

Group of answer choices



The United States did serve as the most active supporter of decolonization independence movements


The United States was preoccupied with the arms race against the Soviet Union and therefore did not act one way or another during the decolonization struggle


The Cold War alliance with Western Europe led the United States to support many colonial powers


The United States was war-weary and an isolationist foreign policy prohibited active intervention for these decades

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