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__________ was the economic basis of life for most Plains Indians...

__________ was the economic basis of life for most Plains Indians tribes.

Answers

A.

The buffalo

B.

Sedentary farming

C.

Fishing

D.

Trade with tribes in the East

Question

2.

Which event led to extensive Anglo-American settlement in the Southwest?

Answers

A.

the defeat of the Pawnee

B.

the establishment of railroad lines

C.

the defeat of the Chumash

D.

the lumber industry

Question

3.

When was the transcontinental railroad completed?

Answers

A.

1882

B.

1877

C.

1893

D.

1869

Question

4.

How did the completion of the transcontinental railroad affect Chinese immigrants?

Answers

A.

Many Chinese laborers lost their jobs and moved to the cities.

B.

Many Chinese Americans bought plots of land and began farming.

C.

The government repealed the Chinese Exclusion Act.

D.

The government offered forty acres and a mule to every Chinese laborer.

Question

5.

In the West, Chinatowns were usually organized by

Answers

A.

organized crime.

B.

prominent merchants.

C.

immigrant brokers.

D.

town councils favoring segregation.

Question

6.

The first economic boom in the Far West involved

Answers

A.

ranching.

B.

oil drilling.

C.

the railroad.

D.

mining.

Question

7.

Who developed cattle ranching?

Answers

A.

Mexicans

B.

Chinese immigrants

C.

German immigrants

D.

the Chumash Indians

Question

8.

The policy known as concentration provided for

Answers

A.

opening of new territories for Native American tribes.

B.

an open range for cattle ranching.

C.

a defined reservation for each Native American tribe.

D.

fencing and enclosures to divide ranching lands.

Question

9.

Which eastern Sioux leader led a rebellion against whites in Minnesota?

Answers

A.

Chief Joseph

B.

Little Crow

C.

Black Kettle

D.

Sitting Bull

Question

10.

Which battle was a victory for the Native Americans?

Answers

A.

Wounded Knee

B.

Chief Joseph's rebellion

C.

the Battle of the Little Bighorn

D.

the Sand Creek Massacre

Question

11.

The Dawes Severalty Act made which provision?

Answers

A.

communal ownership of land among Native Americans

B.

Native American reservations being recognized as foreign countries

C.

relocation of the Plains Indians to parts of Oklahoma and Texas

D.

division of tribal lands into individual farms

Question

12.

The main purpose of the Dawes Act was assimilation of the Native Americans.

Answers

A.

true

B.

false

Question

13.

In the late 1800s, why did western farmers resent the railroads?

Answers

A.

The railroads often destroyed farm goods by being careless.

B.

The railroads imported farm goods from Europe.

C.

The railroads charged high rates for shipping and arbitrary rates for storage.

D.

Unions of railroad workers boycotted farmers in the West during a strike.

Question

14.

The process of creating steel by blowing air through iron was called the __________ process.

Answers

A.

Birmingham

B.

Bessemer

C.

Mushet

D.

Bissell

Question

15.

Who invented the incandescent lamp?

Answers

A.

Charles F. Brush

B.

Christopher L. Sholes

C.

Alexander Graham Bell

D.

Thomas Edison

Question

16.

Who built the first gasoline-driven motor vehicle in America?

Answers

A.

Charles and Frank Duryea

B.

Henry Ford

C.

Nicolaus August Otto

D.

Edwin L. Drake

Question

17.

Which idea is CONSISTENT with Taylorism?

Answers

A.

laborers working at their own pace

B.

scientific management to promote efficiency

C.

skilled artisans producing individual items

D.

reliance on human skill rather than machines

Question

18.

Who pioneered the moving assembly line in production?

Answers

A.

Henry Ford

B.

Charles and Frank Duryea

C.

George Bissell

D.

Orville and Wilbur Wright

Question

19.

What was the main agent of industrial development in the late 1800s?

Answers

A.

cattle ranching

B.

agriculture

C.

the railroad

D.

automobile production

Question

20.

Limited liability meant that investors

Answers

A.

were paid a monthly fee that did not vary with the investment's performance.

B.

were liable for the debts that a corporation incurred.

C.

could lose no more than the amount they invested.

D.

were liable for some of the corporation's debts but not others.

Question

21.

One cat food company buying another is an example of

Answers

A.

vertical integration.

B.

horizontal integration.

Question

22.

A cat food company controlling all the businesses it needs to produce and market its product is an example of

Answers

A.

vertical integration.

B.

horizontal integration.

Question

23.

A trust was an arrangement in which

Answers

A.

companies made an informal agreement to stabilize rates and divide markets.

B.

stockholders transferred their stocks to a small group in exchange for shares.

C.

people borrowed money to invest in corporations and the stock market.

D.

actual corporate mergers were allowed.

Question

24.

The idea that business owners had an obligation to use their wealth to help society was

Answers

A.

Social Darwinism.

B.

socialism.

C.

the Gospel of Wealth.

D.

survival of the fittest.

Question

25.

The entrepreneur who patented a sewing machine and created one of the first manufacturing corporations was

Answers

A.

John D. Rockefeller.

B.

Andrew Carnegie.

C.

J. P. Morgan.

D.

Isaac Singer.

Question

26.

What effect did mechanization have on production labor in the late 1800s?

Answers

A.

Skilled artisans became more important.

B.

Labor was less routine and repetitive.

C.

Factories could hire unskilled workers for less money.

D.

Workers' jobs were secure from the "boom and bust" cycle.

Question

27.

Which organization was a group of craft unions that concentrated on shorter hours, higher wages, and better working conditions?

Answers

A.

the American Federation of Labor

B.

the Knights of Labor

C.

the Molly Maguires

D.

the Industrial Workers of the World

Question

28.

In which strike did the governor of Pennsylvania send in the National Guard to protect strikebreakers from striking members of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers?

Answers

A.

the Haymarket Riot

B.

the Homestead Strike

C.

the Pullman Strike

D.

the Great Railroad Strike

Question

29.

Which statement about the Knights of Labor is FALSE?

Answers

A.

They wanted to replace the wage system with a cooperative system.

B.

They wanted a single union for all workers.

C.

They expanded under the leadership of Terence V. Powderly.

D.

They accepted the idea of working for factory owners.

Question

30.

The American Federation of Labor included people from which group?

Answers

A.

craft unions

B.

African Americans

C.

women

D.

unskilled workers

Question

31.

What was the most important source of urban population growth in the late 1800s?

Answers

A.

migration from farms in the East.

B.

migration from farms in the West.

C.

immigration from Asia and Europe.

D.

healthy diets that increased the birth rate.

Question

32.

By the 1890s, more than half of the immigrants came from

Answers

A.

southern and eastern Europe.

B.

Great Britain.

C.

western and central Europe.

D.

Japan and China.

Question

33.

What material was used to make girders for tall buildings?

Answers

A.

iron

B.

tungsten

C.

steel

D.

granite

Question

34.

Which city first started using electric trolley lines?

Answers

A.

Boston

B.

Richmond

C.

New York

D.

Chicago

Question

35.

Which statement best describes an urban political boss?

Answers

A.

a representative of the state governor

B.

someone who inherited a political position

C.

winning votes by dispensing favors and patronage

D.

someone who was unaware of voters' situations

Question

36.

William M. Tweed went to jail for

Answers

A.

the assassination of President Garfield.

B.

organizing the Pullman Strike.

C.

organizing the Pinkertons to attack strikers.

D.

extravagant use of public funds and kickbacks.

Question

37.

The National Consumers League tried to improve wages and working conditions

Answers

A.

by organizing strikes.

B.

by buying only from companies with fair working conditions.

C.

by vandalizing factories and equipment if demands were not met.

D.

by petitioning state and local political leaders to pass labor laws.

Question

38.

Which organization tried to use women's economic power to achieve a political goal?

Answers

A.

the Salvation Army

B.

the Public Health Service

C.

the Occupational Safety and Health Administration

D.

the National Consumers League

Question

39.

Simon Patten would agree with which idea?

Answers

A.

Thrift is always admirable.

B.

Scarcity of goods will always be an issue.

C.

Modern society can produce enough goods for everyone.

D.

Big business will always lead to exploitation of the poor.

Question

40.

The Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company stores and F. W. Woolworth's were

Answers

A.

chain stores.

B.

trusts.

C.

monopolies.

D.

pools.

Question

41.

As president, Chester A. Arthur

Answers

A.

disappointed the Half-Breeds by supporting civil service reform.

B.

pleased the Stalwarts by firing most of Garfield's appointees.

C.

disappointed the Half-Breeds by keeping most of Garfield's appointments.

D.

disappointed the Stalwarts by keeping most of Garfield's appointments.

Question

42.

Who OPPOSED a high tariff in the late 1800s?

Answers

A.

William McKinley

B.

Grover Cleveland

C.

Nelson W. Aldrich

D.

Benjamin Harrison

Question

43.

The first major farm organization was

Answers

A.

the Southern Alliance.

B.

the Northwestern Alliance.

C.

the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry.

D.

the Populist Party.

Question

44.

Populists OPPOSED which idea?

Answers

A.

laissez-faire capitalism

B.

government-owned subtreasuries to store crops

C.

government ownership of railroads and telephones

D.

direct election of United States senators

Question

45.

The "Crime of 1873" was

Answers

A.

free coinage of silver.

B.

setting the ratio of silver's worth to gold's worth at 16 : 1.

C.

the demonetization of silver.

D.

a high tariff drafted by William McKinley.

Question

46.

Why did many western farmers favor free silver?

Answers

A.

They believed it would decrease the amount of money in circulation.

B.

An increase of money in circulation would help them pay their debts.

C.

They believed it would mean an end to the tariff that was passed in 1890.

D.

The Republicans, whom the farmers supported on the tariff issue, wanted it.

Question

47.

The explosion of the Maine, the confinement of Cuban civilians in concentration camps, and the Spanish minister's denunciation of President McKinley as a weak man had what effect?

Answers

A.

a desire for war with Spain

B.

a desire for war with France

C.

a desire to impeach President McKinley

D.

a desire to support Spain against Cuban rebels

Question

48.

The United States became an imperial power after acquiring control of

Answers

A.

Japan, Alaska, and the Bahamas.

B.

Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico.

C.

Cuba, the Virgin Islands, and Baffin Island.

D.

Guam, Puerto Rico, and Alaska.

Question

49.

Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Policy provided for

Answers

A.

the acquisition of Guam.

B.

the acquisition of Philippines.

C.

the annexation of Hawaii.

D.

United States trade with China.

Question

50.

The Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act were both strictly enforced.

Answers

A.

true

B.

false

End Notes

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