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chap 4 Question 1 Romans, by and large, were generally more interested in human behavior and character than they were in the sciences, though they

chap 4
Question 1

Romans, by and large, were generally more interested in human behavior and character than they were in the sciences,

though they supported the work of the Greek scientists of Alexandria.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 2

Emperor Augustus felt that Rome's declining birth rate and corruption could be blamed on the bad influence of foreigners,

especially the growing popularity of Greek homosexual practices.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 3

Octavian's power was supported by his huge wealth, the loyalty of the upper class and his control over the armies of

Rome.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 4

By the end of the first century, Christian authority was claimed to derive from the bishops' status as miracle workers who

roamed around converting pagans with numerous feats of unexplainable healing, bringing people back to life, and so on.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 5

About the the reign of the Antonines, it has been said that it was,'the period in the history of the world during which the

human race was the most poor and miserable.'
Answer True False .5 points
Question 6

Romans considered Christians to be a dangerous and subversive cult because they worshiped a Jewish and therefore

unpopular and suspicious foreign god p.125
Answer True False .5 points
Question 7

Roman emperors, acting in the role of tribunes to the people, brought them, free grain handouts, water-filled aqueducts,

and theaters and Colosseum-style entertainments.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 8

As the Christian church grew and became more organized, women, were excluded from positions of authority as the

Christian community came increasingly to resemble the Roman patriarchal household.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 9

The reason that Julius Caesar was assassinated was that he had previously killed the brother of Marcus Brutus who had

spoken against his becoming pontifex maximus.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 10

Among the Hasidim of Jewish society in occupied Judea, the Pharisees and Zealots disagreed strongly over whether or

not they should fight the Roman occupation.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 11

When Caesar crossed the Rubicon, he set in motion a civil war against the Roman forces of Pompey that would end with

Caesar taking power in Rome.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 12

The Roman imperial government was supported by a combination of taxes, rents, forced labor, military service,

requisitions and outright extortion.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 13

Paul's theological message of the suffering of Jesus as a redemptive sacrifice for original sin offered salvation for those

who believed, prayed and were baptized.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 14

Around the first century B.C.E. the slave population of Italy was negligible, probably only around 10% of the population,

but they were treated so well, sometimes as family, that they never attempted to revolt against their owners.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 15

The Tribunes Tiberius Gracchus and Gaius Gracchus were murdered by the Senators of Rome because they attempted to

undo the needed land reforms put in place by the Roman Senate.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 16

Augustus' long rule ushered in a period of conflict in the empire known as the Bellum Romana in which Rome was

constantly at war with some neighbor or another, draining the imperial coffers of gold and raising the price of wheat

throughout the empire.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 17

Christianity began as a small Jewish sect based upon the martyrdom of its leader Joshua ben Joseph at the hands of the

local Roman procurator.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 18

Paul of Tarsus, a Roman citizen, saw Christianity as an entirely new Hellenistic, non-Jewish mystery religion that adapted

well to Roman paternalism, and so denied that Christianity was in any sense a fulfillment of Judaism or of the Old

Testament.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 19

Official Roman religious cults were challenged in the first century C.E. by mystery cults that promised eternal life and a

personal relationship with a god.
Answer True False .5 points
Question 20

After the Roman conquests of the Mediterranean region, Roman wealth became concentrated in the hands of a few, the

optimates.
Answer True False

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