The focus this week is on the post 9/11 world. Drawing from the...

The focus this week is on the post 9/11 world. Drawing from the Danopoulos, Kapor-Stanulovic, and Skandalis (2012) article, describe one impact of war on children and the role of NGOs in mitigating those impacts. Use examples, either from the Yugoslav experience or from another conflict, to explore this topic and demonstrate your points. 

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Starr, Harvey. Advances in Foreign Policy Analysis : Approaches, Levels, and Methods of Analysis in International Politics : Crossing Boundaries. New York, US: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 16 May 2016. Copyright © 2006. Palgrave Macmillan. All rights reserved.
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20 pages
Children and Armed Confict: The Yugoslav Experience Constantine P. Danopoulos, Nila Kapor-Stanulovic and Konstantinos S. Skandalis Using the Yugoslav experience, this paper seeks to analyse and understand the plight of children in war and its aftermath. It also seeks to evaluate and assess the role and effectiveness of NGOs and other aid-providing entities. Data used include personal observations, relevant documents, as well as Frst-hand accounts. The main conclusion reached in this study is that due to vulnerabilities associated with age, children in armed con±ict suffer more than any other social group. The post-war or long-term consequences are often more severe than the difFculties children face during war. The role of NGOs is more helpful during war but less effective when the guns go silent. Inter- and intra-national wars leave a plethora of traumatic and long-lasting social, economic, physical and psychological consequences on all citizens as well as those of neighbouring societies. Conquerors and vanquished, winners and losers, and even those who stand on the sidelines are affected negatively by war and its aftermath—some more than others. The physical scars of combat and damage to infrastructure can be erased with the passage of time, but the psychological, mental and social wounds are much harder to heal. A group of Korean women (the so-called comfort women) ‘recruited’ to serve the sexual pleasures of Japanese soldiers during the Second World War, for example, still suffer from the traumatic experience. Three decades have not been sufFcient in healing the psychological scars of the Vietnam War veterans in the USA. ±urther, the amputated arms of the children in the Sierra Leone civil war are a permanent feature in their daily routine and an indelible scar in their psyche. While no segment of society or social group escapes the trauma of war and its aftermath, no group is more vulnerable and more severely affected than children. Broken families, bodily damage, loss of parents and siblings, missed educational opportunities, malnutrition, and psychological and mental wounds are some of the more devastating and long-lasting consequences fratricidal and other con²icts bequeath on children. The 2001 UN report, entitled We the Children , is revealing: War affects every aspect of children’s development: Malnutrition increases because of low production of food and displacement; resources for special ISSN 1944-8953 (print)/ISSN 1944-8961 (online)/12/010151-13 q 2012 Taylor & ±rancis Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies Vol. 14, No. 1, March 2012, pp. 151–163
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14 pages
"NEW RULES FOR NEW WARS" INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JUST WAR DOCTRINE FOR IRREGULAR WAR George R. Lucas, Jr. This article traces the increasing pressures exerted upon interna- tional law and international institutions from two sources: the humanitarian military interventions (and failures to intervene) in the aftermath of the Cold War during the decade of the 1990s; and the "global war on terror" and wars of counterinsurgency and regime change fought during the first decade of the 2r' century. Proposals for legal and institutional reform in response to these challenges emerge from two distinct and largely indepen- dent sources: a "publicist" or theoretical discussion among scholars in philosophy, law, and international relations; and a formal or procedural discussion among diplomats and statesmen, both focusing upon what the latter group defines as a "responsibility to protect" (R2P). This study con- cludes with recommendations for reform of international humanitarian law (or Law of Armed Conflict), and for reformulations of professional ethics and professional military education in allied militaries, both of which will be required to fully address the new challenges of "irregular" or hybrid war. I. INTRODUCTION 677 II. FIN DE SIÈCLE: A RETROSPECTIVE RECENT HISTORY OF JUST WAR. ..679 III. THE RISE OF THE GLOBAL WAR ON TERROR (GWOT) 686 IV. THE NEW RULES FOR NEW WARS 689 V. FROM Jus AD PACEMTO Jus IN PACE 695 VI. FROM Jus IN PACE TO Jus POST BELLUM: HOW LONG TO STAY AND WHEN TO "Go HOME" 700 APPENDIX 702 I. INTRODUCTION The new era of "irregular warfare" (IW) is thought to consist pri- marily of the substantial changes and challenges in military tactics and mili- Professor of Ethics and Public Policy, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, Califor- nia and Class of 1984 Distinguished Chair of Ethics, United States Naval Academy, Annapo- lis, Maryland. 677
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30 pages
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effects of war on children.docx