Fascism Group of answer choices was initially embraced by Soviet...


Group of answer choices

was initially embraced by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, who viewed it more favorably than capitalism.

was a political movement similar to socialism.

had its origins in traditional German anti-Semitism.

attracted widespread popularity in Sweden and Switzerland as an alternative to Nazism.

became the political system in Spain by the late 1930s.


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Question 2

2 pts

What was the focus of Hollywood films such as Mr. Deeds Goes to Town and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington?

Group of answer choices

ghosts that haunted cities

a hero that defeated corruption

an antihero who dropped out of society

the fight against communism

exposing Nazism


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Question 3

2 pts

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Group of answer choices

was from the upper class.

was born into poverty.

won elections by a close margin.

promised the government would not interfere with businesses.

lost the use of his legs after he became president.


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Question 4

2 pts

Upton Sinclair

Group of answer choices

wanted to provide jobs for the unemployed.

won elections in 1934.

circulated false information about his opponent.

manipulated information to win elections.

represented factory owners in California.


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Question 5

2 pts

The Office of War Information

Group of answer choices

specialized in updating the U.S. government with news from the European front.

formed part of the New Deal.

used radio, film, and press to show the importance of responding to Japan with violence.

used all its resources to show the American people the war was ideological.

was created after the Second World War.


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Question 6

2 pts

Who was Charles E. Coughlin?

Group of answer choices

He was a "radio priest" who criticized Wall Street bankers.

He was a priest who became an adviser to FDR.

He was the chaplain to Congress.

He was a rabbi who warned Americans about Hitler.

He was a preacher who held revivals on the radio.


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Question 7

2 pts

The Berlin Blockade was

Group of answer choices

a means for the United States to justify its threat to mobilize Allied forces stationed in Turkey.

a temporary defensive measure by the United States that was soon taken down.

a barrier erected by Allied forces in postwar Berlin to shield them from angry protests of starving residents.

erected because the United States threatened to invade the Soviet Union.

the Soviet Union's reaction to the establishment of a separate currency in the western occupied zones.


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Question 8

2 pts

After World War II, the automobile

Group of answer choices

was only used in rural areas.

continued to be a luxury.

was replaced by the bus as the preferred method of transportation.

was not affordable in the South.

became central to suburban life.


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Question 9

2 pts

The Housing Act of 1949

Group of answer choices

paired with urban renewal programs, made American cities more diverse and prosperous.

reinforced the concentration of poverty in nonwhite urban neighborhoods.

set a high income ceiling for eligibility.

allowed growing numbers of blacks to move to the suburbs.

ended the concentration of poverty in nonwhite urban neighborhoods.


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Question 10

2 pts

"D-Day" refers to

Group of answer choices

the largest sea-land military operation in history.

the day Germany surrendered.

the day the United States decided to take part in the war.

the day Japan attacked Pearl Harbor.

the last battle of the eastern front.


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Question 11

2 pts

The economic condition known as stagflation was caused by

Group of answer choices

high income tax rates.

low inflation rates.

stagnant economic growth and high inflation.

stagnant economic growth and low inflation.

declining oil prices.


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Question 12

2 pts

By 1935, Huey Long and Francis Townsend had made which of the following approaches to economic recovery less politically attractive for New Dealers?

Group of answer choices

Social Security reform

the regulation of the stock market

pushing for the unionization of the nation's labor force

efforts at general business recovery

agricultural reform


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Question 13

2 pts

The "Grand Alliance" joined together

Group of answer choices

Germany, Italy, and Japan.

Great Britain, the United States, and Spain.

Great Britain, France, and China.

France, the Netherlands, and Norway.

the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union.


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Question 14

2 pts

The impact of the Cold War on the civil rights movement

Group of answer choices

was beneficial because the Urban League accepted communists into its ranks.

caused the NAACP to enlist the aid of the Soviets.

was quite limited at the time.

brought wider support for civil rights from southern Democrats who wanted to fight communism.

included government action against black leaders.


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Question 15

2 pts

Operation Wetback

Group of answer choices

was opposed by President Truman.

was a military operation that rounded up illegal aliens found in Mexican-American neighborhoods for deportation.

was how leftist news organizations described the McCarran-Walter Act.

was the code name for a CIA operation conducted on the border between Texas and Mexico.

deported very few illegal aliens.


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Question 16

2 pts

Why did Harry Truman's loyalty review system target homosexuals working for the government?

Group of answer choices

Truman was alleged to be gay himself and sought to deflect any suspicions.

Homosexuals were considered susceptible to blackmail and thought to be lacking the manly qualities necessary to fight communism.

The president was an outspoken homophobe.

Joseph McCarthy's announcement that there were over fifty homosexuals in the State Department had forced Truman's hand.

Homosexuals were legally prohibited from working for the government.


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Question 17

2 pts

In his 1961 farewell address, President Eisenhower warned Americans about

Group of answer choices

the increase in juvenile delinquency.

the slow pace of the civil rights movement.

the rise of organized crime.

the military-industrial complex.

environmental hazards.


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Question 18

2 pts

The Civilian Conservation Corps

Group of answer choices

helped senior citizens find suitable jobs.

gave work to unemployed young men in jobs in small factories.

gave work to unemployed young men in jobs having to do with the environment.

provided free education to young women.

was created to patrol national borders.


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Question 19

2 pts

The Social Security Act of 1935

Group of answer choices

was first envisioned by President Hoover.

was fully controlled by the federal government.

applied to agricultural workers.

was financed by general government revenues.

provided pensions to the aged and unemployment benefits.


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Question 20

2 pts

What was the New Left's greatest inspiration?

Group of answer choices

the black freedom movement

the Great Society

the communist revival

1950s writers

pre-World War I bohemians


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Question 21

2 pts

The Share Our Wealth movement

Group of answer choices

was led by Franklin Roosevelt's brother.

wanted to confiscate the wealth of the richest Americans.

was part of the First New Deal.

pushed the country's large corporations to invest in Latin American countries.

never intended to become a national political party.


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Question 22

2 pts

In fireside chats and public addresses, President Roosevelt connected freedom with

Group of answer choices

economic inequality.

Keynesian economic theory.

economic security.

cuts in government spending.

laissez-faire economics.


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Question 23

2 pts

How did trickle-down economics claim to increase government tax revenues?

Group of answer choices

by increasing the amount of aid distributed among the poor

by lowering interest rates

by curbing inflation and lowering tax rates

by lowering inflation

by the creation of a powerful welfare state


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Question 24

2 pts

Under the bracero program

Group of answer choices

Indians were encouraged to leave their reservations.

Mexican immigrants were denied entry to the United States.

Mexicans immigrated without the right of citizenship.

Mexican immigrants were eligible for citizenship.

marriages between Mexicans and Americans were banned.


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Question 25

2 pts

In 1949, Mao Zedong

Group of answer choices

won the Chinese Civil War and created the People's Republic of China.

invaded Taiwan.

was elected as China's representative in front of the United Nations.

invaded Japan.

was forced into exile.


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Question 26

2 pts

How did the American public react to the dropping of the atomic bomb?

Group of answer choices

The decision was accepted as a necessary consequence of the war and the event was not revisited.

Most people hated the use of the bomb and sent their support, human and economic, to Japan.

At first there was a general acceptance of the attack, but it was later criticized.

They despised Truman's decision.

It was celebrated nationwide.


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Question 27

2 pts

Guatemalan leader Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán

Group of answer choices

was ousted by the KGB and replaced with a Soviet-friendly dictator.

sought to reduce foreign corporations' control over his country's economy.

was born in Moscow and became a nationalist after emigrating to Guatemala.

appealed to President Eisenhower for military support to defeat a growing communist insurgency in Guatemala.

was a friend and close ally of Soviet premier Joseph Stalin before his death.


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Question 28

2 pts

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles's policy of massive retaliation

Group of answer choices

calmed the American public's fear of nuclear war.

applied only to communist China.

was part of the effort to rely more on conventional forces.

eased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union.

declared that any Soviet attack would be countered by a nuclear attack.


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Question 29

2 pts

What made Elvis such a popular celebrity?

Group of answer choices

His mixed-race parentage made him popular among blacks and whites.

He was one of the most gifted vocal performers of his generation.

He was a white performer with the rhythms and moves of black singers.

He sang songs no one had ever heard before.

He sang openly about civil rights and equality.


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Question 30

2 pts

Which of the following statements best describes Roosevelt's group of advisers known as the "Brains Trust"?

Group of answer choices

The "brains trust" included professional athletes.

The "brains trust" believed that large corporations needed to be dismantled.

The "brains trust" believed that large corporations needed to be directed by the government.

The "brains trust" was strictly opposed to the First New Deal.

The "brains trust" saw small corporations as an inevitable part of the modern economy.


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Question 31

2 pts

What was one result of the Good Neighbor Policy?

Group of answer choices

Herbert Hoover urged Roosevelt to send troops to the Dominican Republic.

The United States supported dictators in Latin America.

Franklin Roosevelt had to send American troops to Cuba.

Nazi Germany took control of parts of South America.

The United States had to reissue the Platt Amendment.


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Question 32

2 pts

How did the federal government institutionalize racism during the New Deal?

Group of answer choices

The abolition of the gold standard penalized more traditional family savings in bullion.

Franklin D. Roosevelt introduced segregation to Washington, D.C., and eliminated blacks from all positions of responsibility in the federal government.

The Security and Exchange Commission was staffed entirely by Anglo-Americans.

The Wagner Act excluded African-Americans.

The Federal Housing Administration refused to ensure mortgages in integrated neighborhoods.


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Question 33

2 pts

In response to the sexual revolution

Group of answer choices

abortion became illegal.

women had children at a younger age.

the birth rate declined.

divorce rates plummeted.

there was a decrease in the marriage age.


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Question 34

2 pts

Prior to the Montgomery Bus Boycott, what experience did Rosa Parks have with the civil rights movement?

Group of answer choices

She had been involved in civil rights protests since the 1930s.

Giving up her bus seat was her first protest for civil rights.

She previously advocated the use of violence to gain more rights.

She first became interested in civil rights in the 1920s when she marched with Marcus Garvey.

She was introduced to protesting when she met Martin Luther King Jr.


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Question 35

2 pts

What caused the Dust Bowl?

Group of answer choices

road building

coal mining

oil drilling

soil erosion

a crop fungus


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Question 36

2 pts

The Truman Doctrine assumed

Group of answer choices

the United States would first and foremost focus on its internal problems.

the United States would only help democratic governments in its quest against communism.

the U.S. Army should have a presence in every country dealing with the communist threat.

the United States would provide aid to any anticommunist regime, even if it was not a democratic one.

communism had already been defeated.


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Question 37

2 pts

How did World War II affect the West Coast of the United States?

Group of answer choices

The populations of both San Francisco and Los Angeles declined as the prospect of a Japanese invasion led many people to migrate inland.

The military temporarily relocated its headquarters to Portland to plan for a Japanese invasion.

Millions of Americans moved to California for jobs and military service.

The West Coast cities of Portland and Seattle received a relatively small amount of federal money for their shipyards.

Unlike other regions profiting from military-industrial production, growth rates in the West remained essentially flat.


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Question 38

2 pts

What were the Nuremberg trials?

Group of answer choices

congressional hearings in regard to communists in Hollywood

court cases that put Adolf Hitler in power

trials that resulted in Japanese military officials being held accountable for their treatment of prisoners of war

trials in which German officials were prosecuted for crimes against humanity

Soviet Union court cases in Poland in regard to the German invasion


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Question 39

2 pts

The Popular Front

Group of answer choices

was created when the Communist Party was absorbed by the Democrats.

arose in response to the rise of fascism in America.

was a conservative challenge to New Deal liberalism.

was the Democratic Party's campaign slogan in the 1930s.

was a political and cultural movement associated with the Communist Party.


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Question 40

2 pts

During the 1950s, American teenagers

Group of answer choices

declined in number due to the baby boom.

felt mostly fulfilled due to mass consumption.

grew in number, cultivating their own popular culture.

voted in significant numbers.

glorified middle-class norms.


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Question 41

2 pts

Malcolm X

Group of answer choices

agreed with King on how the black movement should behave.

supported integration.

insisted blacks should control their own resources.

was deeply Catholic.

believed in the nonviolent struggle for equality.


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Question 42

2 pts

In the aftermath of World War II

Group of answer choices

the divorce rate plummeted.

the majority of soldiers went back to work.

Truman refused to go back to anything similar to the New Deal.

the government managed to control prices.

most women were able to retain their jobs.


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Question 43

2 pts

What reason did the Hollywood Ten give for not cooperating with the HUAC hearings?

Group of answer choices

They felt the hearings were a violation of the First Amendment.

They were all communists and did want to indict themselves.

As Republicans, they were insulted that their loyalty was being questioned.

Ronald Reagan had threatened that they would lose their jobs if they cooperated.

They were all busy making movies and did not have time to attend the hearings.


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Question 44

2 pts


Group of answer choices

received no international aid to facilitate the country's economic reconstruction.

sided with the Soviet Union.

adopted a new democratic constitution.

was under the control of the U.S. military until 1960.

failed to renounce a policy of war and armed aggression.


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Question 45

2 pts

The Truman Doctrine

Group of answer choices

adhered to non-interference policies.

accepted different types of government.

provided aid to democratic governments only.

produced a language that helped Americans make sense of the Cold War.

was supported by Democrats only.


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Question 46

2 pts

The "Second Gilded Age"

Group of answer choices

was a Mondale-Ferraro 1984 campaign slogan slamming Reagan's coddling of the rich.

could describe the 1980s, a decade where making deals was more profitable for companies than making products.

ended with a federal budget surplus.

could describe the 1980s, a decade where organized labor made substantial gains as it had in the 1890s.

was the title of a 1980s documentary about "yuppies" who sold out to the financial establishment.


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Question 47

2 pts

In the 1952 presidential campaign, Richard Nixon's Checkers speech

Group of answer choices

Reflected the growing importance of pets in American life.

was not well received, and the Republicans lost the election.

Reflected the growing importance of television in American life.

introduced plans for peace in Korea.

Reflected the growing importance of board games in American life.


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Question 48

2 pts

The Tennessee Valley Authority

Group of answer choices

created national parks that promoted outdoor activities.

lasted three months.

was created and administrated by the federal government.

competed with private companies in the business of selling electricity.

did not compete with private companies.


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Question 49

2 pts

What was the "final solution"?

Group of answer choices

Japan's plan to attack Pearl Harbor.

The Allied operation for D-Day.

Joseph Stalin's plan to spread communism throughout the world.

The United States' plan for the atomic bombs to be dropped on Japan.

Adolf Hitler's plan to mass-exterminate "undesirable" peoples.


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Question 50

2 pts

The "social contract"

Group of answer choices

was of great benefit to union and the majority of nonunion workers alike.

had no effect on workers in nonunion jobs.

was accepted by the National Association of Manufacturers as a compromise measure to ease labor disputes eroding industry profits.

did not include wage increases or health insurance.

describes the new style of cooperation between labor and management that emerged in the 1950s and 1960s.

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