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Header: Hinduism Hinduism ( YOUR NAME ) ( DATE ) ( SCHOOL ) Unlike Theosophy, Hinduism has an ancient and complex history that cannot be lined out...

SCI207: Dependence of Man on the Environment
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Header: Hinduism Hinduism ( YOUR NAME ) ( DATE ) ( SCHOOL ) Unlike Theosophy, Hinduism has an ancient and complex history that cannot be lined out over a hundred-year period. During the Axis Age, from 800-500 B.C.E., the Aryan civilization experienced great changes. Other religions and philosophies were introduced into Hindu society such as, Buddhism, Confucianism, and early Greek Philosophies. The Upanishads were erected to record insights into external and internal reality. They consisted of about 100 written works in prose and poetry and implemented several important concepts such as, Brahman, Atman, Maya, Karma, Samsara, and Moksha. They would later become the pillars for Hindu Spirituality. Humanity is joined inwardly, meaning, our thoughts and feelings have an impact on others. By following your inner promptings, you will benefit humanity as a whole. The idea is to put others and immediate surroundings in front of your own progress. Each person has the ability to discover reality for him or herself by being followers of a divinity. A Theosophist is encouraged to do this by learning to judge what is true or false, not follow what someone else dictates to you. Each follow his or her own path through logic and science to
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divinity. Western Theosophists popularized the ideas of reincarnation and karma. Together, they explain our past actions, thoughts, desires, fears, or character. It makes one responsible for his or her lives. No one can take away our actions in any shape or form. The Hindu’s world view is mapped out in four goals, Dharma, Artha, Karma, and Moksha. Each one these elements deserves a separate essay on the sole subject in order to fully understand them, but for the sake of comparison I will present the basic idea of each one of them; 1) Dharma, the main goal in Hinduism, consists of righteous and mortality. Dharma is your social and religious duty. To become closer to the Dharma one must fulfill the role in their respective stage of life, choose a path in yoga and mediation to follow, and follow strict moral guidelines. The Bhagavad Gita, which means “ divine song “ serves as one of the most important sacred texts of Hinduism. It “ strikes a balance between mysticism and the practical needs of everyday life.” The goal of the poem is to show that a divine reality is at work within everything in nature. Once you have maintained the concept, you can excel in your faith through Artha or “ wealth “. 2) Wealth or “ Artha “ will be obtained by following the Dharma correctly. One will be socially, religiously, and physically successful if they follow the faith. As a Hindu grasps the Dharma and Artha, the last step before Moksha is mastering Karma. Karma is the idea that human beings can achieve “ higher “ forms of life. “ Rebirth can move in either direction “. ( Molloy,83 ) Karma comes from the root word, “ to do “. It is a moral law of cause and effect, every action has an immediate moral consequence. This logically explains why some are born with certain gifts and others are born with different characteristics. 3) These items cannot be understated in their importance. It takes diligence and dedication to reach this point. Moksha is the idea of salvation. You reach Moksha by mixing the two ideas of the Brahman and the Atman. The Brahman is expressed in three ways that help describe its character, reality itself, pure consciousness, and bliss. It is a lived experience that all things are in some way holy because they all come from the same source. “ To experience Brahman is to know, first hand, that every apparently
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