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Question 1. 1. Which of the following is a valid form: (Points : 1)...


Question 1. 1. Which of the following is a valid form: (Points : 1)
       Affirming the Consequent
       none of these
       Denying the Antecedent
       Hypothetical Syllogism

Question 2. 2. The thesis in an argumentative essay __________. (Points : 1)
       should be general so that one can write enough on the topic
       is composed of premises
       is not as important as the problem
       is the claim that is being defended

Question 3. 3. Which of the following is an effective way to critique a deductive argument? (Points : 1)
       Demonstrate that the deductive argument is weak.
       Use the same form and create an example that has true premises and a false conclusion.
       Critique the strength of an inductive argument.
       Use a different form and create a counterexample.

Question 4. 4. The support in an argumentative essay __________. (Points : 1)
       does not include theories
       is the main item for which one is arguing in a paper
       is the problem that one is examining
       is the reason for accepting one's premises

Question 5. 5. The statement "If you come with me, then we can go shopping" is a __________. (Points : 1)
       none of these
       conjunction
       disjunction
       conditional

Question 6. 6. Which type of inductive argument is the following:
"Almost all dogs like to chase cats. Fido is a dog, so he probably likes to chase cats." (Points : 1)
       Appeal to Authority
       Inference to the Best Explanation
       Statistical Syllogism
       Inductive Generalization

Question 7. 7. Arguments __________. (Points : 1)
       are always expressed in standard form
       always have the same level of complexity
       have to be valid in order to be convincing
       can include complicated chains of inference that build on themselves

Question 8. 8. Do you want to drive the minivan to the movies? (Points : 1)
       Neither
       Non-Claim
       Claim

Question 9. 9. The objection in an argumentative essay __________. (Points : 1)
       should be the simplest argument against your own position
       should be presented in a weak manner in order to attack it easily
       is the thing that you will refute in the support section of your paper
       requires objectivity and should be strong

Question 10. 10. No physical object can travel faster than light.  An electron is a physical object.  So, an electron cannot travel faster than light. (Points : 1)
       Inductive
       Deductive
       Neither

Question 11. 11. Deciduous trees are trees that shed their leaves. Maple trees are deciduous trees. Thus, maple trees will shed their leaves at some point during the growing season.
 
True or False: The statement, "Maple trees are deciduous trees," is a premise. (Points : 1)
       True
       False

Question 12. 12. All dogs are warm-blooded. All warm-blooded creatures are mammals. Hence, all dogs are mammals. 
 
True or False: The sentence, "Hence, all dogs are mammals," is a premise in this argument. (Points : 1)
       True
       False

Question 13. 13. That statement "All dogs are mammals" is an example of a: (Points : 1)
       particular affirmative
       universal negative
       conditional
       universal affirmative

Question 14. 14. "Up to 80% of doctors endorse this project" uses which rhetorical device? (Points : 1)
       Weasel Words
       Hyperbole
       Euphemism
       Proof Surrogate
       Innuendo

Question 15. 15. Which of the following is an invalid form: (Points : 1)
       Hypothetical Syllogism
       Modus Tollens
       Modus Ponens
       Denying the Antecedent

Question 16. 16. In an argumentative essay, the premises of the argument  __________. (Points : 1)
       are the reasons that support the thesis
       do not need justification in an essay
       are what the thesis defends
       occur in the conclusion of the paper

Question 17. 17. "If it is dinner time, I am going out to eat. It is dinner time, so I am going out to eat." (Points : 1)
       Ad Hominem
       Modus Ponens
       Affirming the Consequent
       False Cause
       Non sequitur

Question 18. 18. An argument is deductive __________. (Points : 1)
       if it moves from the general to the particular
       if it moves from the particular to the general
       none of these
e. No Fallacy
       if it presents itself as being valid
       if it presents itself in relation to a hypothesis

Question 19. 19. Which type of inductive argument is the following:
"All crows observed so far have been black, so all crows are black." (Points : 1)
       Appeal to Authority
       Statistical Syllogism
       Inductive Generalization
       Inference to the Best Explanation

Question 20.20. "You are only opposed to welfare reform because you are rich." (Points : 1)

       Ad hominem
       Equivocation
       Appeal to emotion
       No fallacy
       Slippery Slope

Answer & Explanation
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