The Organism-X has the following intracellular and extracellular ionic concentrations in its cells. At rest, its membrane is equally permeable to all...
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The Organism-X has the following intracellular and extracellular ionic

concentrations in its cells. At rest, its membrane is equally permeable to all 3 ions.







a. How does the Organism-X's intracellular and extracellular ionic concentrations differ from those of a human?
b. Would an Organism-X cell left to rest for a long time to be able to reach a Gibbs-Donnan Equilibrium?
c. What is the measured value for the Organism-X resting potential?
d. If the extracellular Na+ concentration was elevated to 150 mM, what is the expected resting potential of the Organism-X cell?
e. If the membrane permeability to K+ was much higher than the permeability to Na+ or Cl-, what would its potential be?

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